1“A framework for improving construction Health and Safety Professionals performance”
2CHAPTER TWOLITERATURE REVIEW2. IntroductionThe chapter gives detailed review of the road construction projects, road sector and its activitieslocally, the study variables and constructs have been discussed extensively to show how theyrelate to the objectives of this research. The literature covered in this chapter provides findingsfindings from the previous studies conducted in relation to the study topic with deep foundationsupporting the research variables. 2.1 Occupational SafetyAccording to safety Kashid and Kolhe (2018), refers to protection against injuries that arise fromdifferent incidences including the construction jobs. Therefore, safety management involvesdiverse approaches to curb harmful results and assists in preventing not only accidents andincidents, but also monetary losses and inefficiencies. These occurrences are uncontrolled andunplanned happenings that cause harm- to both property and human beings. Since constructioncompanies offer physical plant, work, establishment or office, they need to commit themselvesinto providing everything that is necessary to protect workers from hazards linked to their duties.2.2 Health Management Practices in construction industryThe health management practices involve all the activities that target at protecting and preservingcapital and human resources at any workplace setting. The objective of every work-related healthactivities is to nurture a harmless work setting and safeguard family members, co-workers,customers, employers, suppliers, neighboring people, and the entire public that is affected by theworkplace setting. Provision of health services involves doing undertakings at the workplace that
3are aimed at promoting and protecting employee’s health, well-being, and safety alongsiderefining their health and safety and performance in the construction sector.2.3 Framework for improving construction Health and Safety2.3.1 Health and Medical PolicyAccording to Sieberhagen, Rothmann and Pienaar (2009), health and medical policy is thedecisions, plans, and actions undertaken to achieve specific healthcare goals within anorganization. Occupational health policy defines the reason, roles and responsibilities ofoccupational health within the company, procedures, and responsibilities of managers andemployees. In a study to determine the relationship between job control in construction andsafety performance, Kaplan and Baron-Epel (2015), showed that safety performance tends to bebetter in those firms that have a closer job control and long continuous duration of employmentof workers. Kaplan and Baron-Epel (2015), defined job control as a combination of managementongoing knowledge of site conditions and its ability to react promptly to any special needs thatarise on site. Job control was measured in terms of the nature and location of the site, the degree
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Literature, Occupational safety and health, researcher, Construction Health, International Refereed Journal of Occupational Health and Safety