Chapter13LectureNotesPRINTABLE.pdf - Slide 1 Spread of...

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Slide 1 Spread of Chinese Civilization:
Chapter 13 AP___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 2 Japan Imperial Age--Japanese emperors encourage import of Chinese cultural influencesChinese written language, dynastic histories of Japan, court etiquette, Confucian and Buddhist ideas all promoted by Taika reforms of 646Would have made emperor absolute monarch, created professional bureaucracy, and peasant armyStopped by resistance of aristocratic families and Buddhist monastic orders ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 3 Buddhist efforts to marry Empress Koken in 760s leads to a shift of capital to Heian (Kyoto) from Nara, and banning of Buddhists therePower of aristocratic families restored and no peasant army created___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________
Slide 4 Heian court life follows codes of strict behavior Beauty of court helps promote writing of verse in simplified Chinese writing to increase compatibility with spoken JapaneseTale of Genji is first novel in world history, outlining intrigue and romance at Heian courtWomen were cultured and poised at court Slide 5 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Decline of imperial power Families like the Fujiwara use their wealth to buy political power and build large estatesBuddhist monks continue to extend their power with the Heian elite___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 6 Rise of provincial warrior elites Estates became small “kingdoms” run by local lords

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