Full Terms & Conditions of access and use can be found atEuropean Journal of Sport ScienceISSN: 1746-1391 (Print) 1536-7290 (Online) Journal homepage: The effects of short versus long inter-set restintervals in resistance training on measures ofmuscle hypertrophy: A systematic reviewJozo Grgic, Bruno Lazinica, Pavle Mikulic, James W. Krieger & Brad JonSchoenfeldTo cite this article:Jozo Grgic, Bruno Lazinica, Pavle Mikulic, James W. Krieger & Brad JonSchoenfeld (2017) The effects of short versus long inter-set rest intervals in resistance training onmeasures of muscle hypertrophy: A systematic review, European Journal of Sport Science, 17:8,983-993, DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2017.1340524To link to this article: Published online: 22 Jun 2017.Submit your article to this journal Article views: 1039View related articles View Crossmark dataCiting articles: 3 View citing articles
The effects of short versus long inter-set rest intervals in resistancetraining on measures of muscle hypertrophy: A systematic reviewJOZO GRGIC1, BRUNO LAZINICA2, PAVLE MIKULIC3, JAMES W. KRIEGER4, & BRADJON SCHOENFELD51Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL), Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia;2Fitness Academy, Zagreb,Croatia;3Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia;4Weightology LLC, Redmond, WA, USA &5Department of Health Sciences, Lehman College, Bronx, NY, USAAbstractAlthough the effects of short versus long inter-set rest intervals in resistance training on measures of muscle hypertrophy havebeen investigated in several studies, the findings are equivocal and the practical implications remain unclear. In an attempt toprovide clarity on the topic, we performed a systematic literature search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science,Cochrane Library, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) electronic databases. Six studies were found to havemet the inclusion criteria: (a) an experimental trial published in an English-language peer-reviewed journal; (b) the studycompared the use of short (≤60 s) to long (>60 s) inter-set rest intervals in a traditional dynamic resistance exercise usingboth concentric and eccentric muscle actions, with the only difference in resistance training among groups being the inter-set rest interval duration; (c) at least one method of measuring changes in muscle mass was used in the study; (d) thestudy lasted for a minimum of four weeks, employed a training frequency of≥2 resistance training days per week, and (e)used human participants without known chronic disease or injury. Current evidence indicates that both short and longinter-set rest intervals may be useful when training for achieving gains in muscle hypertrophy. Novel findings involvingtrained participants using measures sensitive to detect changes in muscle hypertrophy suggest a possible advantage for theuse of long rest intervals to elicit hypertrophic effects. However, due to the paucity of studies with similar designs, further
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