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Unformatted text preview: Gender Inequality Reading Sociologists use the word sex to denote the biological difference between males and females They use they word gender to identify the entire corpus of socially acquired roles and relationships characterizing men and women in the world?s societies. The gender relations of a society represent the social and cultural elaborations that society builds onto the biological differences between the sexes All human societies use sex as a major criterion for assigning individuals to tasks within the social division of labor All societies have a gender division of labor structured forms of gender inequality and ideological conceptions of masculinity and femininity Marriage and kinship practices reveal marked gender asymmetry in their organizations Partilocality and virilocality forms of post martial residence organized through males are approx. 8 times as frequently found as martrilocality and uxorilocality-forms of postmartial residence organized thru females. Bigmanship is widely found among horticulturalists The status of women in agrarian societies is generally so low that they are treated like dependent minors The agrarian world is an almost completely male-centered and male-dominated world Male dominance is greatest where men monopolize economic production and that gender equality is most nearly approached in foraging societies in which men and women work together to provide subsistence...
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- Spring '08