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history - INTRODUCTION Why study lifespan development...

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INTRODUCTION ____________ Why study lifespan development? Because of family issues, educational issues, etc. The purpose of this course is to promote an understanding of how and why people behave as they do; to introduce methods to facilitate optimal development - help them achieve their greatest potential. THREE ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT ____________________________ Development - pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues throughout the lifespan. o Biological - involves changes in person's physical na- ture. o Cognitive - involves changes in an individual's thoughts, language, intelligence. o Socioemotional - involves a person's relationships with others, their emotions, and personality. Six periods of development: 1. Prenatal - conception to birth 2. Infancy - Birth to 18-24 months 3. Early childhood - end of infancy to 5 or 6 years 4. Middle childhood - approx. 6 to 9 years 5. Late childhood - approx. 9 to 12 years. 6. Adolescence - transition from child to adult - approx. 12 to 18 – 22 years 7. Early Adulthood – late teens, early 20s 8. Middle Adulthood – 35 – 60 years 9. Late Adulthood – 60s until death Young old – 65-84 Old old – 85 and above
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CONCEPTIONS OF AGE Chronological Age – number of years elapsed since birth Biological age – age in terms of biological health Psychological – adaptive capacities Social age – social roles and expectations related to your age Distance from death – best measure but impossible to foretell THREE PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES __________________________ o Continuity vs. Discontinuity - Is development continuous and incremental or does it occur in distinct qualitatively different stages? o Early vs. Later Experience - Are the key determinants in a child's life those which occur early or later on? Can early damage be undone? o Nature vs. Nurture - Is development determined primarily by biology or environment? O Normative vs. Ideographic - Is the goal of research to look For general principles governing everyone's development (nor- mative) or to identify the factors that make each child unique, resulting in individual and cultural relativism (ideographic)?
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