Lecture 4 - 8-31 -THE SCIENCE OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT

Lecture 4 - 8-31 -THE SCIENCE OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT - THE...

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THE SCIENCE OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT The role of scientific research is to 1) organize research findings, and 2) to guide new research. Scientific Method: Developed by Sir Francis Bacon in the 18 th century. Is defined as an approach that can be used to obtain accurate information about a particular subject which includes the following steps: 1. Identify the problem. 2. Collect the data. 3. Draw conclusions based on the data (usually using statistics). 4. Revise the theory. Theory: A coherent set of ideas that help explain data and make predictions. Contains hypotheses. Hypothesis: An assumption that can be tested to measure its accuracy. Principle/Law: Broad set of statements describing the relation between a phenomenon and the Factors assumed to affect it – usually well-supported by research. SCIENCE PROGRESSES NOT BY THE PROCESS OF REIFICATION, BUT BY THE PROCESS OF FALSIFICATION. For science to progress, hypotheses must be testable. For knowledge to be gained, you must be able to prove a theory false – otherwise you have added nothing new to your knowledge base. STATISTICAL CONCEPTS:
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Lecture 4 - 8-31 -THE SCIENCE OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT - THE...

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