CJUS Thesis Paper Amanda WallaceCJUS 230 Animal Cruelty in America August 13, 20191
CJUS Thesis Paper Animal abuse and cruelty in America is a disturbingly steadily rising problem. There are many crimes that occur daily in America that we are made aware of, there are some crimes though that go unknown to many in society unless it is a truly heinous crime. Animal cruelty and abuse usually fall into this category. We know it occurs, but never truly hear about it unless the crime against the animal was truly evil and heinous. Many times, there is no way to classify who or what type of individual will be abusive to an animal. Animal abuse occurs in all levels of society. Animal abuse and cruelty in the United States occurs everywhere and the amount of casesare rising and becoming more alarming. The classification system of animal abuse is broad and ranges from the physical, or sexual assault of an animal to neglect and this also ties in the problem of those that hoard animals. There is one point though that has been proven many times, Cruelty and neglect crosses all social and economic boundaries and that animal abuse is common in both rural and urban areas.[ CITATION Ani19 \l 1033 ]. Hoarding of animals is a crime of cruelty. Hoarding is when an individual take in more animals than they can take care of which the animals then suffer because the living conditions are not appropriate for an animal to thrive and survive. Hoarding is often a sign of the need for an individual to need access immediately for social and mental health services. In these types of situations, the animals are typically being neglected and in need of basic to severe veterinarian care. It is a complex issue that encompasses mental health, animal welfare and public safety concerns. Animal hoarding is defined by an inability to provide even minimal standards of nutrition, sanitation, shelter and veterinary care—often resulting in animal starvation, illness and death[ CITATION ANI19 \l 1033 ]. Animals’ social needs are equally ignored by hoarders, when this occurs the animal will develop behavioral problems caused by physical and psychological 2
CJUS Thesis Paper neglect virtually eliminate animals’ chances of being rehabilitated and adopted. For many, euthanasia is the most humane option.[ CITATION Ani192 \l 1033 ]. Studies show that are seeing these behaviors in all socioeconomic strata; in very wealthy people and very poor people. We’ve seen it in men and women. We’ve seen it in married couples and inter-generational families.”[ CITATION Ani192 \l 1033 ]. When an individual is arrested for hoarding many agencies are involved typically it is animal services, law enforcement and social services. The problem in our society is that the recidivism rate for an animal hoarder is still at a high mark of about 60%,[ CITATION Ani19 \l 1033 ] this is a hard battle for all services involved to overcome including for the hoarder who clearly is not stable enough to be making rash decisions.