Sociology 1101

Sociology 1101 - Sociology 1101 Social life divided into 5...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Sociology 1101 Social life divided into 5 dimensions Stratification- wealth and distribution Morphology- social relationships Culture- ideas of the good, the true, and the beautiful Organization- collective action- govrn etc Morality- defining and responding to right and wrong – crime, law, etiquette What’s different about sociology? 1. Our subject matter (ie. What we study): social life a. (social life = anything we do with or with reference to other people) 2. Our explanations: we develop social explanations of social life. The Subject Matter-Sociology’s subject matter is vast. The five dimensions of social life allow us to reduce it to a smaller number of categories: (see above)-These 5 dimensions allow us to classify all the things that sociologists study, such as-race and ethnicity (culture)-politics and the state (organization)-occupations and work (stratification)-the family (morphology)-tattooing (culture)-crime and deviance (morality)-urbanization (morphology) -sport (culture)-social change (all 5 dimensions)-gender (stratification) Social Explanations-an explanation is like a cause, but a cause implies physical contact -Many social processes do not work through contact (e.g., social inequality increases violent crime). Hence, the term “explanation” is often more appropriate than the term “cause”-A social explanation looks to the social environment, not to genes (biology) or to personality (psychology). E.g., crime -Social explanations can be small-scale (micro) or large-scale (macro)-Micro explanations include peers and parents-Micro explanations invoke larger structural changes, such as greater societal inequality. C. Wright Mills notes that people are often unaware of macro forces- unemployment cycles, rising divorces rates etc. – being able to see your own life in a larger context-Finding social explanations involves looking behind the façade of things- using one’s “sociological eye” An example of sociology-sociologists do research on aspects of social life and then seek to explain them-An example: My work on the morality of killing. My book MS: “Is Killing Wrong?”-The book looks not at how we talk or think about homicide but what we actually do to the killers- do we punish them? If so, how severely? Cooney Subject Matter-read hundreds of books and articles that deal with how killers are handled today and in the past, in modern and pre-modern societies alike-found enormous variation in the handling of homicide- some killers are punished severely, others lightly or not at all Explanation-The critical ? is: what explains the response to homicide?-The factors that lawyers rely on do not explain it- factors such as, did the killer act intentionally? But some intentional killings are treated very leniently-Ex. Woman in Houston shoots adult son in back of head at point blank range- gets just 5 years -To explain the response to killing I draw on a sociological theory known as pure sociology (PS)....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course SOCI 1101 taught by Professor Beck during the Fall '08 term at UGA.

Page1 / 18

Sociology 1101 - Sociology 1101 Social life divided into 5...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online