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Present status, Future Prospect and Potential of Post harvest Processing of Coconut Presented by: Kumari Dipti Dhoba (10PFE/15)
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Contents Introduction Production Types of Coconut Structure & Composition of Coconut Health benefits of Coconut Post harvest processing of Coconut Value Added Products From Coconut Conversion rates for coconut products By product utilization of Coconut wastes Present status & future prospect of Coconut processing in India References
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Introduction Scientific name Cocos nucifera Family Arecaceae Shape Elongated to Spherical Weight(avg) 850-3700g (Matured coconut) Varieties Over 20 Varieties Types Tall and Dwarf variety Known as: King of Palms Coconut is consist of Exocarp(Thin hard skin) Mesocarp(Husk) Endocarp(Shell) White endosperm(kernel) Large Cavity(Filled with water)
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STATUS OF COCONUT PRODUCTION IN INDIA One of the leading producers of coconut in the world producing 13 billion nuts per annum. Grown in 19 States & 3 Union Territories’s Area 1 . 9 Million ha Production 24397 . 50 Million Nuts Average yield : 80 Nuts/Palm/Year GDP Contribution Rs . 20000 Crores *Source-Coconut Development Board(CDB) Orissa is one of the major coconut-producing states and ranks 5 th position in production in the country. Area-5Lakh hectares Overall production-427millilon nuts Productivity-8379Nuts/hac Five districts of Odisha; Puri, Ganjam. Cuttack, Nayagarh and Khurda produce more than 60 percent of the total coconut production in the state. In Orissa, coconut forms an important constituent of food basket and meets the economic needs of people dependent on its business.
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States /Union Territories AREA ('000 Hectares) Production (Million nuts) Productivi ty (Nuts/ha) 1 Kerala 770.62 7429.39 9641 2 Tamil Nadu 459.74 6171.06 13423 3 Karnataka 526.38 5128.84 9744 4 Andhra Pradesh 103.95 1427.46 13732 5 West Bengal 29.51 373.58 12658 6 Odisha 50.91 328.38 6451 7 Gujarat 22.81 312.68 13706 8 Maharashtra 22.75 271.24 9775 9 Bihar 14.90 141.38 9489 10 Assam 19.73 132.59 6720 11 Chhattisgarh 1.85 30.54 16508 12 Tripura 7.20 29.51 4097 13 Nagaland 0.33 2.67 8091 14 Others 52.80 388.13 7351 All India 2088.47 22167.45 10614 All India Area, Production & Productivity of Coconut ( 2015 - 16) * Source-Coconut Development Board(CBD)
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Types of Coconut DWARF CULTIVARS TALL CULTIVARS Kalpa Sree Kalpa Dhenu Kalpa Pratibha Kalpa Mitra Chandra Kalpa Kera Chandra Kalpa Tharu
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*Source-Post Harvest Technology Centre, TNAU, Coimbatore Structure and Composition of Coconut Mesocarp (Husk) 50% Endosperm(Kernel) 25% Endocarp(Shell) 15% Water 10% The whole coconut is composed of 4 major parts: Nutritional composition (Amount per 100gms) Product Kernel(wet) (%) Coconut Water(%) Copra(%) Coconut powder(%) Energy 354kcal(148 0KJ) 19kcal(79K J) 354kcal(1480 KJ) 354kcal(1480 KJ) Moisture 40-50 95 6-7 1.3-2.5 Carbohydrate 8-20 3.7 15 18 Protein 4 0.7 7.5 6.0-6.6 Fat 35 0.2 62-65 68 Fiber 2 1.1 3-4 4-6 Minerals 1 _ 2 - The pure coconut meat contain Moisture - 36.3%
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Health benefits of Coconut Coconuts are excellent for one’s immunity .
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