Theory of Organization - Final

Theory of Organization - Final - Formal Organization...

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Formal Organization (according to Barnard) two or more persons coordinated activities Regarding individual action , according to Barnard , when the unsought consequences are unimportant or trivial, the action is efficient Regarding cooperative effort , efficiency relates to the satisfaction of individual motives Barnard suggest most cooperation is (relatively) short-lived. In western civilization only the Roman Catholic Church claims a substantial age Barnard uses the term “self-abnegation ” in discussing “willingness to serve meaning the individual must have the need and desire to sacrifice their “pride” and personal desires by serving as just another body for the company, the surrender of control of personal conduct, depersonalization of personal action o Effect: cohesion of effort, sticking together o Without this there can be no sustained personal effort as a contribution to cooperation, activities cannot be coordinated o Large variation in its intensity among individuals o The importance/influence of persons in modern society lies on the negative side w/ reference to any existing or potential organization o Example : Catholic Church o “Willingness of any individual cannot be constant in degree. It is necessarily intermittent and fluctuating…’the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak’” o From viewpoint of individual, willingness is the joint effect of personal desires and reluctances o From viewpoint of organization, it’s the joint effect of objective inducements offered and burdens imposed o Measure of net result is entirely individual, personal, and subjective Thus, the organization depends upon motives of individuals and the inducements that satisfy them T hree departments of Roanoke Electric Steel o Production : desires long production runs of each product o Finance : desires to keep inventory down to a reasonable level o Sales : desires to have high inventory to be able to sell A group of women from different positions in the university may “network” (get together for lunch) and form an “informal organization” so they become aware of what is going on throughout the university so they are not at a disadvantage by being apart of the “gossip”, not out of the loop
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Myers-Briggs E: prefer to focus on outer world of people and things I: prefer to focus on inner world of ideas and impressions S: focus on present and on concrete information gained from senses N: focus on future w/ a view toward patterns and possibilities T: base decisions on logic and objective analysis of cause and effect F: base decisions on values and subjective evaluation of person-centered concerns J: like a planned and organized approach to life and prefer to have things settled P: like a flexible and spontaneous approach to life and prefer to keep options open Barnard states that a zone of indifference exists in each individual w/i which orders are acceptable w/o conscious questioning of their authority
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course ISE 4004 taught by Professor Petorgersen during the Fall '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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Theory of Organization - Final - Formal Organization...

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