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WoodQuestion 1. Identify and Describe Broken Windows Theory and how it can be used to reduce crime. Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the theory.The broken windows theory comes from the foot patrol experiment from 1978 in Newark, New Jersey. The foot patrol was used to help put police officers on the streets instead of using only patrol cars while they conduct their patrols. The foot patrol experiment showed that it did not have a big impact on reducing the crime rate, but what it did do was make the community feel safer and the police started building a rapport with the community. “Broken windows theory is based on the assumption that disorder and crime are linked in a developmental sequence” (Lombardo 2007, pg. 123). The principle behind the broken window theory is if a perfectly good building has one of its many windows broken and never repairs the window it could lead to all of the other windows to become broken in time. This is due to the society seeing that the owner does not careabout the building, so if more windows are broken no one would care and they would not get in trouble that if they break the other windows. Once the obligations of the respect for other people's property are lowered by actions that usually sends a signal to everyone that common concern is lacking and this type of action can happen anywhere. Small amounts of disorder in a given environment leads to more acts of disorder if not properly prevented. “A few signs of so called physical and social disorder are litter, graffiti, truants, loiterers, people who are homeless, and street vendors” ( Muniz 2012, pg. 333 ).Some of the strengths of the broken window theory is that police departments can actively take roles within the community creating programsthat can help reduce crime and keep the people who are committing the crimes off of the streets. When the community and the police department have a relationship they can team up and get involved into proactively creating programs to keep kids off of the streets and homeless people from being homeless. By keeping kids off of the streets by creating programs that are meant to educate the youth can reduce small and petty crimes like loiterers, littering and graffiti. The broken window theory can also allow the police departments to effectively hit the areas with foot patrols and vehicle patrols in order to show that the area is not forgotten and abandoned and that they are going to fix that broken window before anything else bad can happen to that “building”.The disadvantage to this is that if the community does not actively help that the broken window theory will probably fail. It takes an effort for thecommunity to step out and actively show to the criminals in the area that they care about their community and that they will not back down from a challenge to better the area and not let these types of actions from happening again. It is not all on the community though, if the police officers do not continually patrol and reduce crime in the area the criminals will
continue to do what they have been doing. These types of patrols have to