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FRANCE Union for a Popular Movement (UMP)- DeGaulle more “moderate” party. Under Chirac (RPR) more narrow Union for French Democracy (UDF)- Center right, Opposed deGaulle on Europe, direct elections, Losing since 80s to National Front. Socialist Party (PS)- Appeals to middle, working class National Front (FN)- Founded in 1972, Grew in 1984 anti-EU, Stronger regionally Two-ballot majority-plurality system – if first election does not produce a majority, then a second election is held between the two frontrunners to determine the winner Cohabitation - when the president and PM are of opposing parties. Originally feared to cause deadlock, it turned out to be much more manageable of a situation than thought; Socialist President Mitterand, UMP PM Chirac Fascist or the Crook - Jacque Chirac (UMP/Crook) vs. Jean Marie Le Pen (National Front/Fascist) 2002 Pres. election Jean Marie Le Pen - National Front Party, ran in 2002 pres. election against Chirac. Jacque Chirac - President of France till 2007 elections who was faced with restructuring French welfare state and furthering the process of market liberalization. Was considered a crook and was notorious for corruption. Nicolas Sarkozy - UMP’s Sarkozy won 2007 pres. election over Socialist Royale. Segolene Royale - Socialist lost 2007 pres. election to UMP’s Nicolas Sarkozy Jose Bove - anti globalist protester, small farmer against corporate farming and genetically engineered crops, protested at McDonald’s in France and Brazil Francois Mitterand - First socialist President of the Fifth Republic, his regal manner of leadership further solidified the authority of the office of the Pesident French Revolution - 1789, caused by rising middle class, discontent middle class and new enlightenment thinking; saw U.S. achieve democracy. French Monarchy grew weak in wars with Hapsburgs and keeping up with Britain. The Terror – phase of Revolution, 1 st republic under Jacobin leader Robespierre in which innocent members of the aristocracy and moderate revolutionaries were put to death as enemies of the newly proclaimed republic Conservatives – anti-clericalism, strong parliament, weak monarchy vs. Liberals - pro-clericalism, weak parliament, strong monarchy French Fifth Republic -current gov. of France, dual executive system; president holds considerable power while state administration in general holds the preponderance of power. Charles De Gaulle - military leader of the Free French during WWII turned first president of the Fifth Republic. He had a huge influence in shaping the institutions and policies of contemporary French Gov. Directed Economy – French Gov. is very involved in economic planning and has some direct state ownership and control of critical sectors of the economy Accumulation of Elected Offices - elected officials are allowed to hold more than one office at a time, this tends to diminish the role of the National Assembly Grandes Ecoles – elite universities of the French educational system that train professionals for carreers
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Janczak during the Spring '08 term at Ill. Wesleyan.

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