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Unformatted text preview: Tuesday, March 11, 2008 Deviance: behavior that violates standards of conduct- Ex: having a cocktail at 8 am- Deviance doesnt have to be negative- Explanations for deviance: o Functionalist explanations: deviance can be functional for society Deviance can clarify moral boundaries Seeing others penalized for deviating reminds us of the norms Punishment serves as a deterrent o Robert Mertons theory of deviance: o Interactionist perspective: criminal behavior is learned through interactions with others Delinquents tend to have delinquent friends o Labeling theory: labels affect how people are treated and how they view themselves- Primary deviance: fleeting acts of deviance; not part of the self concept- Secondary deviance: repeated patterns of deviant behavior; internalization of the deviant identity o Control theory: focused on why we conform to the norms of society Our ties to others in society (parents, teachers, pastors, coaches) lead us to conform (outer controls) Our conscience, religious principles can promote conformity (inner controls) o Conflict theory: law is an instrument of oppression targeting lower income groups The power elite write laws to protect their privileges Laws are arbitrary 2 systems of justice: 1 for the rich; 1 for the poor Rich: can hire high priced attorneys, thousands of bits of evidence, endless appeals Poor: court-appointed attorneys, brief hearings are the rule, appeals are the exception Means (hard work, edu) Goals (success, money) Conformist + + Innovator- + (drug dealer) Ritualist +- (bureaucrat) Retreatist-- (bum, hobo) Rebel * * (replace existing means and goals) Saints Roughnecks Good families Viewed with suspicion Participated in school Poor grades College bound Beat up cars American History X: director Tony Kaye- black and white = past- color = present- the film illustrates the importance of socialization in perpetuating racism (e.g., Cameron influences Derek and Danny) Round Characters Flat Characters Complex character One-or-two dimensional Undergoes change Does not change Ex: Derek, Danny Ex: Sweeny (principal), Seth, Stacy, Cameron- Contact hypothesis: interracial contact between people of equal status in cooperative circumstances lowers prejudice o Lamont laundry worker Thursday, March 13, 2008 Aint No Makin It: Part II Ch 9: Eight Years Later- Steve and Jinks are the only ones to stay back- Gentrification: resettlement of low-income neighborhoods by prosperous families/businesses- Stoney: in prison. Drinks and then takes Valiums- Steve: in and out of prison; beats his girlfriend; doesnt support his kids- Shorty: mental hospital; stabbed a boy; spent time in prison; has steady girl; came back from prision and gf was with a black guy so beat up cops...
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- Spring '08