psych 101 review exam 1

psych 101 review exam 1 - Erica Gaitley September 26, 2006...

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September 26, 2006 Exam 1—PSY 101 PSY 101 EXAM 1 REVIEW SHEET Structuralism (unreliable!) - introspection method – “look inside yourself” - William Bundt (father of psychology) Humanism (Rogers, Maslow) - emphasized the growth potential of healthy people - used personalized methods to study personality - mental health Behavioral - system of rewards and punishments - Watson and Skinner Gestalt Psychology - the whole Is greater than the sum of its parts, getting the big picture Cognitive neuroscience - how the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences - thought processes - brain functions Brain Functions o Brainstem: where spinal cord enters the skull (automatic survival functions) Medulla- controls heartbeat and breathing Pons- coordinate movement Reticular Formation- controls arousal o Thalamus: sensory switchboard (seeing, hearing, touching, tasting) o Cerebellum: processes sensory input and coordinates movement output and balance - The Limbic System (associated with emotions) o Hippocampus- processes memory o Amygdala- influence emotion (aggression, fear) o Hypothalamus- directs activities such as eating, drinking, sex, body temp., helps govern endocrine system - The Cerebral Cortex (ultimate control and info processing center) o Motor Cortex- an area at the rear of frontal lobes that controls voluntary mvmts. o Sensory Cortex- the area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations. o Glial Cells- cells that support, nourish and protect neurons o Language Broca’s area- controls language expression. Plans and judgment Wernicke’s area- controls language comprehension and expression Aphasia- impairment of language cause by L. hemisphere damage - Split Brain o Corpus Collosum- large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages between them. Tabula rosa (the blank slate)
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psych 101 review exam 1 - Erica Gaitley September 26, 2006...

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