EXAM 3 review sheet - EXAM 3 REVIEW EMOTION CH 13 Emotion o...

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EXAM 3 REVIEW EMOTION – CH 13 - Emotion o A response of the whole organism Physiological arousal Expressive behaviors Conscious experience - Schachter’s Two-Factor Theory of Emotion: o To experience emotion one must be: Be physically aroused Cognitively label the arousal (label influences what emotion you experience) - Arousal and Performance o Performance peaks at lower levels of arousal for difficult tasks, and at higher levels for easy or well-learned tasks - Lie Detectors o Measure perspiration, cardiovascular, breathing changes o Difficult to detect deception; not very accurate - Expressed Emotion o People more speedily detect an angry face than a happy one o Facial expressions universally understood o Empathy increases if you mimic the other persons facial expressions o Decoding emotions (introverts better than extroverts; women better men) - Adaptation-Level Phenomenon o Tendency to form judgments relative to a “neutral” level Brightness of lights Volume of sound Level of income o Defined by our prior experience - Relative Deprivation o Perception that one is worse off relative to those with whom one compares oneself - Successful Marriages o Count # of positive and negative interactions) - Guilty-Knowledge Tests o Info that the authorities keep from the public; a way of finding out if a suspect is guilty - Sympathetic Nervous System Arousal o Fight or flight response; slowing of digestion when nervous) - Emotions have both balance (+/-) and arousal (high/low) features - Emotional experiences by the quick route (amygdala) and slow route (thalamus) - Fear (biological predisposition to some stimuli more than others) - Major life events have little effect on life satisfaction MOTIVATION – CH 12 - Motivation o A push or pull toward behavior (the push comes in terms of “drive; the pull comes from stimuli that are called “incentives”) - Instinct o Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout species and is unlearned - Drive-Reduction Theory o The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need o Need (food, water) drive (hunger, thirst) drive-red. (eat, drink) - Homeostasis o Tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state
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o Regulation of any aspect of body chemistry around a particular level - Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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EXAM 3 review sheet - EXAM 3 REVIEW EMOTION CH 13 Emotion o...

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