Psychopathology.docx - 1 Running Head PSYCHOPATHOLOGY...

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1Running Head: PSYCHOPATHOLOGYPsychopathologyJessica VanOrmanGrand Canyon University: PSY 6225/ 21/ 2019
2PSYCHOPATHOLOGY PsychopathologyPsychopathology, which stems from the Greek language is understood as the origin of themanifestation of mental disorders or behaviors that disrupt the psychological impairment of an individual. According to Rudd (2014), clinically diagnosed psychopaths are made up of a heterogeneous group and have an obscure amount of differences which have led to the identity ofdifferent subtypes of psychopathy. Throughout this paper, the different subtypes will be evaluated along with the relationship between crime and psychopathology.The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) which was coined by Robert Hare is a gold standard measurement of psychopathy. This structure indicates the numerous groupings within psychopathy. As mentioned above, psychopaths are made up of a heterogeneous group. However,there are qualitative differences among psychopaths. The PCL-R helps to explore the different subtypes behind psychopathy (Falkenbach, 2004). The study of Psychopathology has concluded that psychopaths are impulsive, immature, aimless, sly, and well educated. Although, behaviorally psychopaths share similar antisocial traits there are etiological and motivational differences that break psychopaths’ different groups. Psychopaths are put into either primary or secondary psychopathic categories. Primary psychopaths are avoidant of punishment, they don’t respond to punishment stress, or disapproval. Primary psychopaths commit antisocial acts and lack fear and empathy. Secondary psychopaths often describe individuals who like taking risks, they are stress-reactive, and guilt-prone (Dean, Altstein, Berman, Constans, Sugar, & McCloskey, 2013).

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