The Cogito - Nicholas McDonald Dr. Fisher Modern Philosophy...

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Nicholas McDonald Dr. Fisher Modern Philosophy 21 December 2007 The Cogito : Kant vs. Descartes Kant’s A Critique of Pure Reason is meant to question the project of both the rationalists and the empiricists. He begins the work with a discussion of the differences in space and time as entities existing within the mind as opposed to existing outside of the mind. Kant takes this time to distinguish the world as we see it or the phenomenal world and the world of things as themselves or the noumenic world. This distinction immediately sets Kant’s Critique apart from the work of his predecessors. In further explaining his views Kant argues that the mind does not just take in knowledge from the surroundings or the noumenic world of things as themselves but that it actively interprets and shapes the information that it receives and that time and space are mental constructs of our sensibility and understanding or a priori intuitions. He also argues that causality is also a concept of the mind used to make our surroundings interpretable. He says that causality is the mind processing a multitude of events and putting causes to effects. This process according to Kant is not the natural way of things but the way we interpret events in experience under the laws of time. Kant argues that under the basis that space and time are a priori intuitions and that they cannot be directly linked with the ideas that we commonly come to in geometry and mathematics then they must be synthetically not analytically reasoned to. This is how he builds his case for synthetic a priori judgments. It
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The Cogito - Nicholas McDonald Dr. Fisher Modern Philosophy...

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