CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD
MODULE 2: POETRY FROM THE ARCHIPELAGO
Philippine Poetry: Its Form, Language, and Speech
the emphasis of the poetry is more on the form and language that the poet used, rather than the theme itself.
Elements of Poetry
Senses and images are used by the writer to describe their impressions of their topic or object of writing.
The writer uses carefully chosen and phrased words to create an imagery that the reader can see through his or her senses.
The kinds of sense impressions in poetry are categorized in mainly the following:
what the writer wants you to see
what the writer wants you to smell
what the writer wants you to taste
what the wrier wants you to feel
what the writer wants you to hear
Diction is the denotative and connotative meaning of the words in a sentence, phrase, paragraph, or poem.
Rhyme scheme is the way the author arranges words, meters, lines, and stanzas to create a coherent sound when the poem
is read out loud. It may be formal or informal, depending on the way the poem was written by the poet.
Quatrain is a poem or verse that four lines
is the voice that talks to the reader. Sometimes, it refers to itself as “I” or “me”, or sometimes, in the third person
(she,he,his,her). You should also note that the speaker is not necessarily the poet.
Structure is the arrangement of words and lines, either group or apart. It also refers to the way the interdependent parts of it
are organized to form a whole poem.
Word Order is either the natural or the unnatural arrangement of words in a poem.
Poetic license is the freedom to depart from the facts of a matter or from the conventional rules of language when speaking or
writing in order to create an effect
ORGANIC UNITY AND CLOSE READING
Organic unity was established by the New Criticism school of thought. It says that all the interdependent parts of a literary
selection must add up to create one whole.
Close reading is a way for you to analyze the poem by carefully reading and rereading a text until you have found its
Ways of Close Reading
1. Find the context of the poem
when it was written, the setting in which it was written, the reason why it was written
for you to
better understand its idea.