RomanticismAlso known as the Romantic Era/PeriodIt refers to the birth of a new set of ideasIt was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe.18thand 19thcentury
Industrial Revolution- was the cause of the Romantic EraIt is defined as the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment, and the scientific rationalization of natureIt was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literatureIt revived medievalism in an attempt to escape population growth, urban sprawl and industrialism
The movement was rooted in the GermanSturm und Drangmovement, which preferred intuition and emotion to the rationalism of the Enlightenment.The events and ideologies of the French Revolution were also proximate factors.Realismwas offered as a polar opposite to Romanticism
By about the middle of the 19th century, romanticism began to give way to new literary movements. The Parnassians and the symbolist movement in poetry, and realism and naturalism
Etymologyromanticism (n.)1803, "a romantic idea," from romantic + -ism. Romantic meaning "of the nature of a literary romance," from French romantique, Middle French romant "a romance," oblique case of Old French romanz "verse narrative" and -ism; a word-forming element making nouns that imply a practice, system, doctrine, etc., from French -isme or directly from Latin -isma, -ismus (source also of Italian, Spanish -ismo, Dutch, German -ismus), from Greek -ismos.
Characteristics of RomanticismIt has emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as the glorification of all the past and nature, preferring the medieval rather than the classicalIn the political field, it was associated with liberalismits long-term effect on the growth of nationalismThe movement emphasized intense emotion as an authentic source of aestheticexperience
It praised imagination over reason, emotions over logic and intuition over science-making way for a vast body of literature of great sensibility and passion.The Romantic period features a variety of characteristics including sensibility, love of nature, sympathetic interest in the past, mysticism, romantic criticism and primitivism.
Romanticism marked an artistic literary movement that was partly a revolt against social and political norms.