T2 DQ1.docx - Describe considerations for directly...

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Describe considerations for directly assessing students’ oral language and phonemic awareness skills. How can you use performance data to identify students who are demonstrating below level literacy skills? Support your response with research.What is phonological awareness? Phonological awareness is “the understanding of different ways that oral language can be divided into smaller components and manipulated” (Chard & Dickson, 2019). Spoken language can be broken down in many different ways, including sentences into words and words into syllables (e. g., in the word simple, /sim/ and /ple/), onset and rime (e. g., in the word broom, /br/ and /oom/), and individual phonemes (e.g., in the wordhamper, /h/, /a/, /m/, /p/, /er/). Manipulating sounds includes deleting, adding, or substituting syllables or sounds (e.g., say can; say it without the /k/; say can with /m/ instead of /k/). Being phonologically aware means having a general understanding at all of these levels (Chard & Dickson, 2019).

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