Exam 1- Henslin v12.docx - 1 Define the major points of each of the major theoretical frameworks in sociology Choose a social issue(other than divorce

Exam 1- Henslin v12.docx - 1 Define the major points of...

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1. Define the major points of each of the major theoretical frameworks in sociology. Choose a social issue (other than divorce) and apply the three sociological perspectives to the chosen issue. Symbolic Interactionism is the use of symbols and face-to-face interactions. Functionalism is the relationship between the parts of society and how aspects of society are functional, or adaptive. Conflict Theory is a competition for scarce, or sought-after resources and how the powerful and rich control the poor and weak. We can apply symbolic interactionism to marriage. Some symbols that we will see are the color white, a ceremony, a wedding cake, flowers, music, weddings bands, and vows. The American society all has its general meanings to these symbols, but people can always have their own view on what they mean. One spouse might see a wedding ring as a symbol of ‘loving them for eternity’, while the other could see the burden of finance the ring brings. Secondly, we can use functionalism in our government with marriage. The state provides education for a newly-wedded couple, who pays taxes, which the state depends on. Lastly, conflict theory in marriage shows how a simple enforcement of rules from one spouse to another based on financial stability. 2. Thoroughly discuss the relationship between theory and research. Theories are the base for hypothesis’s to be conducted and without them, there is no structure for hypotheses. Research is the process in which theories are developed or rejected. Without hypotheses, predictions or relationships, are not in the running to have actual results. The relationship between theory and research is simple; research creates theory and theory is proven with the research. Theoretical framework is done in research and some gaps are proven after research is done to know the answer of the gap and conduct a new theory. There is a strong relationship between these two, as research is based on theory and research gives new theories. Theory relies on research and research relies on theory. This is a negotiable process that initial theory is based on research, then research is conducted to test that theory and the theory is changed based on the findings from research. These steps are repeated over and over such that theory is never considered absolute and believed always able to be further refined through the research process. 3. What are norms? How do they develop? Discuss how norms are regulated by society as well as the difference between folkways, mores and taboos. Norms are expectations of a society that develop out of a group’s values. The term ‘sanctions’ refer to the reactions people get for breaking/following norms. Negative sanctions reflect dislike for breaking a norm, and positive sanctions show approval for following a norm. Some cultures get rid of the pressure through holidays because people can find norms suffocating. When norms are not enforced, they are called folkways. It does not matter whether people follow the folkways or not. Mores are the norms that need to be treated more seriously.
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