The Syrian Refugee Crisis: 1. Bashar Al-Assad is the current prime minister of Syria and has been in rule since July 17th, 2000 2. Aleppo was formerly the most populous city in Syria 3. Hafez Al-Assad is the father of Bashar Al-ASsad and was appointed in 1971
One of the largest humanitarian crisis in the history of mankind, the Syrian refugee crisis has become the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since World War II. Located in the Middle East between Lebanon and Turkey, Syria was once a country full of historical patrimony, but has now become tainted with destruction and chaos. Once home to 23 million people, Syria is now a deserted nation with an estimated 13.1 million individuals residing within its borders and in need of humanitarian assistance: 6.3 million of whom are internally displaced and 5.4 million Syrians who are now registered as refugees (CIA, 2018). In March 2011, civil unrest was unleashed during the Arab spring when anti-government protests broke out in the city of Deraa with protesters calling for the repeal of a restrictive emergency law that allowed for arrests without charge, the legalization of political parties, and the removal of corrupt local officials that eventually led to clashes between government forces, allies, and oppositionists (CIA, 2018). During this crisis, approximately 400,000 people have died including civilians, opposition forces, and government forces. . “It’s partly a civil war of government against people; partly a religious war pitting Assad’s minority Alawite sect, aligned with Shiite fighters from Iran and Hezbollah in Lebanon, against Sunni rebel groups; and increasingly a proxy war featuring Russia and Iran against the United States and its allies” (Gilsinan, 2015). Additionally, the economy has declined by more than 70% between 2010-2017, life expectancy has dropped from 70.5 to 55.4 years in 2015, fissures within urban systems and infrastructure, and a severe decline in the overall well-being of the Syrian refugees with consequential effects as a result of the chemical warfare within the nation. (Akkoc, 2015). The very existence of this crisis is a blot on humanity and is a consequence of the present human condition as well as various other factors. In order to fully understand why this crisis has arisen, it is essential to understand why war is considered a strategy to settle differences, the conditions that predicate the refugee crisis, the role of foreign intervention in promoting this conflict, how the war has affected ordinary Syrians, the challenges that Syrians face, efforts made by countries to alleviate the crisis, potential solutions to the conflict, and the impact that this crisis has on the human condition. In this paper, I argue that the Syrian refugee crisis and civil war is the result of various inconsistencies in foreign intervention and the improper allocation of aid, and has had a significant impact on the overall refugee status, and how it has demonstrated to be a reflection of 1.
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