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History 348 Lecture3508 - History 348 Lecture March 5 2008...

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History 348 Lecture March 5, 2008 The Paris Commune, 1871 1. Background to the commune (Fall-Winter 1870-71) 2. The Commune (18 March-28 March 1871) 3. Defeat (May 1871) Terms Versailles Bismarck Adolphe Thiers Communeux or Communards Central Committee of the 20 arrandissements Mont de Piète Francs Tireurs----SharpShooters Germans felt safe no where Tuileries Alsace Corraine _______________________________________________________________________ _ 1) Background to the Commune (Fall-Winter 1870-71) a) Fallout from war of 1870 i) Francs Tireurs=Sharpshooters (1) Germans fear the sharp shooters (a) Use this as an excuse in WWI for violence b) Empress still in France i) Flees from Tuileries (1) To England c) Republic Takes Over i) What do we do next (1) Continue the War? (2) Peace Treaty? (a) Germans continue the war, they want total victory ii) September—Germans place Paris in blockade (1) Siege on Paris (a) Unable to establish Government or raise troops iii) December 1870 and January 1871 Begin Negotiations (1) January 28 th , 1871, French Capitulates (a) Bismarck wants to negotiate a representative government (i) French call for elections (1871) 1. Northern part of Country Occupied a. So majority of voters south and west of Paris (2) Voting Results (a) Monarchist (400)
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(i) Rural France is voting them in 1.
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