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Running head: MARGINALIZED GROUP CAREER COUNSELING PAPER1Marginalized Group Career Counseling PaperAmanda VromanGrand Canyon University: PCN-525September 5, 2018
MARGINALIZED GROUP CAREER COUNSELING PAPER2Marginalized Group Career Counseling PaperThe Native American Population has suffered as a population in many areas. This population has had to endure assimilation, trauma, historical trauma, life on reservations, boarding schools, and many other things. Due to this past history, many Native Americans struggle with employment, maintain employment, and even having access to employment. Employment within the community and tribal members usually revolves around two different areas: 1) providing financially for the family and 2) gain education and training to come back to the community to help others on the reservation to have better lives. This paper will explore statistics that illustrate the need for this population to have career counseling, how career counseling theories can be implemented, a plan for counseling, environment/personal barriers, and resources available.Statistics in the Native American PopulationOne of the main concepts that must be considered with this population is the fact that many of the barriers and needs begin at a young age. As many as 25-35% of all children have been displaced in foster homes, adoption home, boarding houses, and institutions without concrete justification as to why the out of home placement was warranted (Herring, 1992). In addition to this number, even more children are placed outside of the home with warranted reasons. Children being placed out of home creates barriers, trust issues, lack of self-esteem, etc. This is true for all children. Historically, children have were removed from parents and placed in boarding schools. This carries with it historical and intergenerational trauma which becomes difficult to heal from when it is still happening currently.There is a median of 9.8 years of education with only 13.4% of the population having actually attained education beyond the 8thgrade, leaving most household with a mean annual
MARGINALIZED GROUP CAREER COUNSELING OUTLINE3income of $1500 (Herring, 1992). Unemployment rates can reach as high as 60% of the majority of reservations. Suicide rates are more than twice the national average and are contributed to alcoholism, integrating into Anglo-American culture, and loss of jobs (Herring, 1992).Career Counseling TheoryIt is difficult to find a lot of evidence about which theories work best with Native American populations. The majority of research points to how incorporating traditional beliefs and ceremonies into treatment has the most success. However, Holland’s Theory of Vocational Choice and Adjustment does show to work well with minority populations and would probably be the best choice for this group (Brown & Lent, 2013). Over 50% of all Native Americans do not return to mental health counseling after initial interview (Thompson, 1991). This means that