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Unformatted text preview: COMM 201: Communication as a Liberal Art Midterm #1 Study Notes Rhetoric Three dimensions 1. Aesthetics/artistic : choosing more or less artistic way to show things; more pleasing to people, more important to you 2. Rational : the part that separates us from animals 3. Ethical : Every communication you choose is ethical; truth v. lie 3 philosophical conceptions of rhetoric 1. Pragmatic art : tools that allow you to communication effectively 2. Manipulating language : to persuade, nothing but B.S. 3. Epistemic : once you are aware of everything you can start to learn what things are through communication, rhetoric and language; there is nothing outside comm. Homer – Words have 3 functions: 1. Heuristic : discovery of information, insights, even ‘self-awareness’ 2. Eristic : power of words to engage, express, captivate, argue and injure 3. Protreptic : power of words to direct human thoughts, to persuade and activate others; getting them to think and act how we want them to Results of the development of the Greek city-states (“Poloi”) o Move from tribal to political culture o Development of courts, legal procedure and law suites o Time and money become available for study and reflection o Development of teaching class Sophists – the teaching class Traveling teachers who were paid to teach young boys Problems with studying the Sophists: o No primary sources o Traveling nature means most of their teachings were never written down in their lives o Most of the what we know are through their enemies (Plato/philosophers) Corax (teacher) and Tisias (student) o Corax teaches Tisias how to communicate General Presuppositions of the Sophists o Sophists did not leave any complete philosophical system, but there are several concepts that are fairly consistent among the sophists 1. Nomos : idea that law is based on agreement/convention 2. Kairos : (literally the appropriate time/season) for the sophist truth in a given case was dependent on the circumstance surrounding an event and the circumstance could always COMM 201: Communication as a Liberal Art Midterm #1 Study Notes be debated 3. Two sides to each case, either could be argued effectively 4. Rhetoric was the centerpiece of a good education & a civilized society 5. Through learning rhetoric one can learn ‘arete’ (aka virtue, excellence, practical wisdom) Teaching methods 1. Dialectic : sophists’ teaching method took the form of dialectic with teachers inventing arguments for and against a given proposition 2. Endoxa : (“in glory/the glory of…”) positions or arguments in the dialectical method began...
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course COMM 201 taught by Professor Durbin during the Spring '06 term at USC.
- Spring '06