Civil War - Civil War (1861-1865) 1. Road to Civil War a....

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Civil War (1861-1865) 1. Road to Civil War a. 1860 Election i. Major Candidates 1. Stephen Douglas (Northern Democrat, Illinois) a. Popular Sovereignty 2. Abraham Lincoln (Republican, Illinois) a. Free Soil – stop the spread of slavery into new areas 3. John Breckenridge (Southern Democrat) a. Wants to preserve slavery in the new territories 4. John Bell (Constitutional Union Party) a. Compromise ii. Lincoln wins, but less than 40% of the popular vote. iii. There is a president in office that does not stand for the south. b. Secession i. December 1860, South Carolina secedes from the union ii. By February of 1861 FL, GA, AL, MS, LA, TX secedes and forms the Confederate States of America. iii. Jefferson Davis – elected first president of the confederacy iv. Alexander Stevens – Vice president v. Davis and Stevens were both anti-secession before their homes states seceded vi. The confederacy was very similar to the USA, only difference is they were Pro States rights. (Slavery, and tariffs) c. Crittenden Plan (December 1860) i. Last Effort to avoid war. ii. Wanted to extend the 38 th parallel all the way to the Pacific Ocean, above free, below slave. iii. Lincoln shot it down because he would have been hypocritical to his platform of Free Soil. d. Ft. Sumter i. First shots fired in the civil war. Island right off Charleston, SC. ii. Fort Sumter is one of only 4 Union Forts still held within the CSA. iii. April 1861 Lincoln sends fresh supplies and troops to Fort Sumter. iv.
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Civil War - Civil War (1861-1865) 1. Road to Civil War a....

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