Slavery and the Old South

Slavery and the Old - Slavery and the Old South 1776-1860 1 Slavery and the Southern Economy a Upper South Maryland Virginia Kentucky North

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Slavery and the Old South 1776-1860 1. Slavery and the Southern Economy a. Upper South – Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas i. Slaves comprise 1/3 of the population. ii. Economy is diverse 1. They grow corn, wheat; raise livestock (husbandry), in addition to cotton and tobacco. b. Deep South – South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas i. Slaves comprise ½ of the population. 1. Labor intensive crops are grown. Cotton, Rice, Tobacco. ii. Cotton is the dominate crop in the Deep South. King Cotton. 1. They start to grow short staple cotton, which can be grown anywhere in the south. It’s hard to get the seeds out. 2. Cotton gin – 1793, invented by Eli Whitney, removes the seeds from the cotton. iii. The cotton industry helped make American wealthier as a whole. Cotton made up ½ of exports. 75% of the world’s cotton came from the American South. 2. Slaveholding Society a. Planters world i. Myth vs. Realism 1. Hollywood has always given us the impression that the south was nothing but wealthy slave owning white people who had nothing better to do than to worry about party. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Slavery and the Old - Slavery and the Old South 1776-1860 1 Slavery and the Southern Economy a Upper South Maryland Virginia Kentucky North

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