Zarefsky Ch6 Notes (CN) - Zarefsky: Chapter 6 Notes Proof,...

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Zarefsky: Chapter 6 Notes Proof, Support, and Reasoning Rhetorical Proof as Support 1. Rhetorical Support – proof established through interaction between the speaker and the listeners; provides support for a conclusion but not assurance that it is true. Proof and the Audience 2. Reasonable – would be inferred by most people when exercising their critical judgment. Components of Proof -Claim 3. Claim – a statement that a speaker asks listeners to accept and that the speaker tries to prove. -Supporting Material -Reasoning 4. Inference – a mental leap from the supporting material to the claim. An Example of Rhetorical Proof Using Rhetorical Proof in Your Speech Strategies for Reasoning through Example 5. Examples – specific instances used to illustrate a more general claim. 6. Representative – typical of the larger category from which a case is selected. Types of Inference from Example -Individual Versus Aggregate Examples -Factual Versus Hypothetical Examples -Brief Versus Extended Examples Tests for Inference from Example -Are there enough examples? -Do the examples represent the whole category? -Are the examples ambiguous? -Are the examples fallacious? 7. Fallacy – an inference that appears to be sound but that, on inspection, contains a significant flaw. 8. Fallacy of Composition – assuming that what is true of the part is automatically true of the whole. 9. Fallacy of Division – assuming that what is true of the whole is automatically true of the part. Guidelines for Reasoning through Example
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course CAS 100A taught by Professor Schneider,lori during the Summer '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Zarefsky Ch6 Notes (CN) - Zarefsky: Chapter 6 Notes Proof,...

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