Use Ctrl + F to find a certain section I.Pre-Revolution A. French and Indian Wars ●French - Supported by the Huron ●English supported by the Iroquois ●Albany Plan- Agreement betw. colonies and Iroquois to fight together ●Ended with Peace of Paris - England gets Canada & and all French land east of Miss. River, France left with 2 sugar islands: Guadeloupe and Martinique and 2 fishing islands: St. Pierre and Miquelon B. Acts ●Proclamation Line Act(1763)- Limited colonist movements west of the Appalachian Mts ●Stamp Act(1765)- Required stamps on all printed documents(fee went to Parliament) -Colonists respond with Stamp Act Congress (demand repeal of Stamp/Sugar Act ●Townshend Acts(1767)- Taxed many products(glass,lead, paper, paint, tea), 33% plunder to those who captured smuggling ships - colonists protested by refusing to import C. Resistance ●Boston Tea Party- Resulted from Townshend Acts, colonists dressed up as Indians and threw crates of tea into Boston Harbor - England responded with Intolerable/Coercive Acts - Ended town meetings, stripped power from local gov., gave them to king’s followers ●Boston Massacre - British soldiers opened fire on unruly crowd, kill 5 including Crispus Attucks(sailor), turned into propaganda w/ engraving by Paul Revere -British soldiers were defended by John Adams, eventually acquitted ●Sons of Liberty/Samuel Adams- Sons of Liberty were responsible for Boston Tea Party, they first appeared in violent protests against the Stamp Act(Sam Adams is the leader) ●Declaration of Independence(July 4th, 1776) - Lead to by two main events : - Colonists learn that British are sending Hessian mercenaries to fight them - Thomas Painepublishes “Common Sense” - called for independence
Use Ctrl + F to find a certain section - Written by Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingston, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Roger Sherman II. Revolution A. New England ●Lexington/Concord - Mass. train “Minutemen” - British send troops to seize supplies at Concord & arrest John Hancock/Sam Adams - warned by Paul Revere -Minutemen and British troops first exchange gunfire at Lexington, British destroy remaining supplies at Concord - British suffer many casualties retreating to Boston ●Bunker Hill - Battle took place over fort on Breed’s Hill, British suffer capture the fort after suffering many casualties, while there are few colonist casualties - “Pyrrhic victory” ●Evacuation Day(March 17th, 1776) - British retreat from Boston after Washington’s forces capture cannons from Fort Ticonderoga B. Mid Atlantic ●Loss of New York City (part of Attacks of 1777) - British General Howe attacks NY with a force of over 30,000 men - easily defeats the American forces, exposes weaknesses(lack of supplies, no training, British Loyalists). Washington’s forces retreat to New Jersey ●Battle of Trenton (Dec. 25 1776) - Washington sneaks across Delaware River w/ 2,000 men and capture 900 Hessians.