History Final Study Guide.pdf - Use Ctrl F to find a...

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Use Ctrl + F to find a certain section I. Pre-Revolution A. French and Indian Wars French - Supported by the Huron English supported by the Iroquois Albany Plan - Agreement betw. colonies and Iroquois to fight together Ended with Peace of Paris - England gets Canada & and all French land east of Miss. River, France left with 2 sugar islands: Guadeloupe and Martinique and 2 fishing islands: St. Pierre and Miquelon B. Acts Proclamation Line Act(1763) - Limited colonist movements west of the Appalachian Mts Stamp Act(1765) - Required stamps on all printed documents(fee went to Parliament) -Colonists respond with Stamp Act Congress (demand repeal of Stamp/Sugar Act Townshend Acts(1767) - Taxed many products(glass,lead, paper, paint, tea), 33% plunder to those who captured smuggling ships - colonists protested by refusing to import C. Resistance Boston Tea Party - Resulted from Townshend Acts, colonists dressed up as Indians and threw crates of tea into Boston Harbor - England responded with Intolerable/Coercive Acts - Ended town meetings, stripped power from local gov., gave them to king’s followers Boston Massacre - British soldiers opened fire on unruly crowd, kill 5 including Crispus Attucks (sailor), turned into propaganda w/ engraving by Paul Revere -British soldiers were defended by John Adams, eventually acquitted Sons of Liberty/Samuel Adams - Sons of Liberty were responsible for Boston Tea Party, they first appeared in violent protests against the Stamp Act(Sam Adams is the leader) Declaration of Independence(July 4th, 1776) - Lead to by two main events : - Colonists learn that British are sending Hessian mercenaries to fight them - Thomas Paine publishes “Common Sense” - called for independence
Use Ctrl + F to find a certain section - Written by Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingston, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Roger Sherman II. Revolution A. New England Lexington/Concord - Mass. train “ Minutemen ” - British send troops to seize supplies at Concord & arrest John Hancock/Sam Adams - warned by Paul Revere - Minutemen and British troops first exchange gunfire at Lexington, British destroy remaining supplies at Concord - British suffer many casualties retreating to Boston Bunker Hill - Battle took place over fort on Breed’s Hill , British suffer capture the fort after suffering many casualties, while there are few colonist casualties - “Pyrrhic victory” Evacuation Day(March 17th, 1776) - British retreat from Boston after Washington’s forces capture cannons from Fort Ticonderoga B. Mid Atlantic Loss of New York City (part of Attacks of 1777) - British General Howe attacks NY with a force of over 30,000 men - easily defeats the American forces, exposes weaknesses(lack of supplies, no training, British Loyalists). Washington’s forces retreat to New Jersey Battle of Trenton (Dec. 25 1776) - Washington sneaks across Delaware River w/ 2,000 men and capture 900 Hessians.

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