New South - New South (1877-1920) 1. Goals of the New South...

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New South (1877-1920) 1. Goals of the New South a. Diversify the Economy b. Land reform – break up the big plantations and give ordinary people the chance to own their own land c. Social reform i. More education for more people ii. Racial Harmony 2. Race Relations a. Disenfranchisement of African Americans – take away their right to vote. i. Why? 1. So they don’t have any power in the government 2. So whites can elect whom ever they choose ii. How? 1. Mississippi Plan – a. Poll Tax – pay to vote. One way to get around poll tax was the grandfather clause which said you could vote if your father or grandfather voted in 1867 b. Literacy Test – if you cant prove to us that you can read and write, you cant vote. One way to get around this is the understanding clause, pretty much the voting registrar decides who votes (just whites) 2. Another way to disenfranchise blacks a. White primary – African Americans cannot vote in the democratic party primary b. Development of the Jim Crow system (system of racial segregation in the south) i. 2 types 1. de jure segregation – segregation by law 2. de facto segregation – segregation by custom ii. Why? 1.
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New South - New South (1877-1920) 1. Goals of the New South...

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