Study Guide Exam2

Study Guide Exam2 - Suggested Study Guide Topics/Terms For...

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Suggested Study Guide Topics/Terms For Exam II Adjudication: Settling problems through courts of law Agenda setting a. Defined: deciding what will be decided upon **Most Important Stage of the process** -Why is it so important? There are plenty of problems out there, but only a few make the  agenda and become issues. The rest remain unsolved problems. -issue -rest   unsolved problems -non-decision making: the prevention of the emergence of issues that threaten  the interest of the dominant groups in society or their values                            Methods of non-decision making: a. cover-up- suffocate or suppress the issue before it sees the light of  day b. non-feasance-an idea gets dropped to avoid rocking the boat Who sets the agenda? The major players besides politicians currently in power major players a. media i. power in agenda setting 1. news making- determines what is news and what gets reported 2. socializing –help people learn values and beliefs that determine agenda 3. interpretation –the “angle” of the story b. Interest Groups:  Why are interest groups so powerful in agenda setting? i. Organized and powerful- political system favors organized, skilled powerful  individuals Interest Groups have multiple ways of affecting the policy agenda 1. Powerful organizations have an advantage in the political area and  public policy. The AARP is the most powerful. The NRA is big also. 2. lobbying- lobby politicians to get an issue noticed 3. public protest 4. provide public with info- via commercials  5. Testimony (not just in congressional or legislative bodies, but executive  agencies.) Balkanization: Broken up into unreasonably small units Page 1 of 8
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Suggested Study Guide Topics/Terms For Exam II burden shifting: moving expenditures to other levels of government center-periphery tensions: resentment of outlying areas at rule by nation’s capital  competitive threat hypothesis: a. Party competition i. V.O. Key: Competitive Threat hypothesis 1. Greater the competition, better for “have-nots”; always will go after the  “poor” vote. a. Flaws  i. Less enthusiastic?  ii. Voting? iii. Information? iv. Middle class Corruption: Wrongdoing by those in a special position of trust. The term is commonly applied to  self-benefiting conduct by public officials and others dedicated to public service. Decentralization: Shifting some administrative functions from central government to lower levels,  less than devolution Devolution: Shifting some powers from central government to component units 2. Diffusion a. Spreading out ideas i. Emulation/competition ii. National interest groups iii. Technology  Discretionary: Ability of officials to decide questions on their own without adjudication or higher 
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Study Guide Exam2 - Suggested Study Guide Topics/Terms For...

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