Cornell Adolescent Psychology.docx - Adolescent Psychology:...

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AdolescentPsychology:Notes 1Discussions (Surge B 167)Lecture 1 – Social TransitionsHuman development – Every person is in certain respects like all other people, like some otherpeople, like no other people.When is someone an adult?Context influence experience – varies across cultures and societies.Biological, cognitive, and social transitionsdon’t always line up nicely.CONTEXTinfluences all of these.Early Adolescence (10-13)Middle Adolescence (14-17)Late Adolescence (18-21)Emerging adulthood (Early to mid – 20s) 18 -25What is Adolescence?
People always exist in contexts.Microsystems; Exo-system; Macro-system (changes through time)Nature? Nurture? Both?Genetic:Genes/biology -> youth outcomesSocial-Contextual (ecological perspective):Contexts or other people -> youth outcomesRelationalPeople and contexts influence each otherContemporary views of AdolescentAtransitionalperiod of the lifespanPubertySearch for separation – autonomyDevelop cognitive maturityFormulate an identityTake on adult rolesDoes transitional = turbulent? A time of “storm and stress”? – G. Stanley HallOn average, mood becomesless positiveacross early adolescence,then levels out.Averagehappiness is positive!More intra-individual variation in later adolescence (especially for girls)IdentityIdentity related to statuses (being a daughter/son or sibling; your race/ethnicity; your gender) orbased on interest, aspirations, or self-selected identities or characteristics (artist/nerd; futurelawyer, psychologist; studious, member of various clubs)Some may become more important in different periods of time.Social Transitions
Social redefinition – the process of characterizing youths’ position or status in societyIn all societies:Adolescence is a period of social transitionAge of majority (the individual comes to be recognized as an adult)Theoretical perspectivesRecapitulation Theory(Ernst Haeckel, used byG Stanley Hall)Ontogeny (human lifespan) recapitulates (following) phylogeny (evolutionary history)Early development follows evolutionary stagesAdolescence-emergence of unique adult formsAdolescence as a Social Invention (purely Social)Adolescence defined primarily by social perceptionBecause we perceive adolescence as distinct, it exists as a distinct period of the lifespanExpectations thought to be adolescent issues may be due to society’s definition of adolescenceContradicts G. Stanley Hall’s view on adolescent development (driven by biology)A changing View of AdolescenceIndustrializationYoung people excluded from labor forceFormal schooling was lengthened to emphasize preparation for work and social contributionNew terminological developed (Teenager Youth Emerging adulthood.)Changes in StatusAge of majority (two-sided alteration in status such as increasingprivilegesandresponsibility)

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depressive symptoms, Handbook of Adolescent Psychology

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