Daily News Simplified - DNS 01 05 19 Notes SL. NO. TOPICS THE HINDU PAGE NO. 1 Tourist footfall in Hampi down by nearly a lakh 05 2 Dissolution of Lok Sabha 09 3 An employment oriented economic policy 08 4 Article 239A allows greater powers for Puducherry House 10 5 Index of Eight Core Industries 14 6 ASI unearths treasure at UP Site 03
Dated: 01.May.2019DNS Notes Title 1.Tourist footfall in Hampi down by neatly a lakh –(The Hindu, Page –05) Syllabus Prelims: Art and Culture Theme About Hampi About Hampi Hampi, the 14th century capital of one of the greatest empires of medieval India called the Vijayanagar Empire, lies in the Deccan heartland, in the state of Karnataka. It lies along the Tungabhadra river. Group of Monuments at Hampi (Vittala Temple, Virupaksha Temple, Lotus Mahal)Nicolo Conti, an Italian traveller, Abdul Razzaq, an ambassador from Persia and Domingo Paes, a Portuguese traveller have given a vivid account of the magnificent buildings which adorned the city of Vijayanagar. Vijayanagar era architecture can be broadly classified into religious, courtly, and civic architecture. Its style is a harmonious combination of the Chalukya, Hoysala, Pandya, and Chola styles that evolved in earlier centuries and represents a return to the simplicity and serenity of the past. Vijayanagar temples are surrounded by strong enclosures and characterized by ornate pillared kalyanamandapa(marriage halls); tall rayagopurams(carved monumental towers at the entrance of the temple) built of wood, brick, and stucco in the Chola style; and adorned with life-sized figures of gods and goddesses. This dravidastyle became popular during the reign of Krishnadeva Raya and is seen in South Indian temples constructed over the next two centuries. Vijayanagar temples are also known for their carved pillars , which depict charging horses. Gopurams—the entrances to the courts of the temples are a unique feature of the south Indian temples, particularly built during the medieval period. These colossal gateways which lend glamour and prestige to the temples were covered by lofty pyramidal tower rising up in storeys and ultimately crowned by a lofty vault Further, the Vijayanagara architecture is also known for its adoption of elements of Indo Islamic Architecture (like the Queen’s Bath and the Elephant Stables)Stone Chariot: The Vittala Temple Complex has the richly sculpted Stone Chariot, which is considered to be the most stunning architecture of the Vijayanagara kingdom. The Stone Chariot or Ratha stands in the courtyard of temple. It is one of the three famous stone chariots in India. The other two chariots are situated in Konark (Odissa) and Mahabalipuram (Tamil Nadu). The Stone Chariot of Vittala Temple is actually a shrine that has been designed in the shape of an ornamental chariot. The shrine is dedicated to Garuda and had an image of Garuda enshrined into the sanctum. As per Hindu mythology, Garuda is the carrier of Lord Vishnu.