How to Write an Effective Argument Essay: PRE-WRITING M. REYES
• Choose an appropriate, focused topic (ex: Airport Security) • Explore and decide your position for this topic • Predict opposing arguments • Consider your audience and occasion • Decide on which points you will argue (ex: Safe Traveler Card, etc.) • Decide on which points you will refute in the concession (ex: Loss of privacy, etc.) • Write a thesis that is focused, arguable, and opinionated (ex: If every US citizen had a Safe Traveler Card, airlines could screen for terrorists more effectively than they do now and avoid procedures that single out individuals solely on the basis of race.)
Research & Evidence • Offer evidence that effectively supports the claims through evidence like – personal experiences (in this instance, it's okay to use the 1st person point of view —I, me, etc. to briefly give the personal evidence, then return back to 3rd person point of view ; t – the experiences of others, – facts, – statistics from current, reliable sources, – hypothetical examples, and testimony from authorities and experts .
Consistency: Point of View • 1st Person I � � � Narrative Essays • 2nd Person you � � � Avoid! Replace You withwords like society , � � � � people or one . � � � � • 3rd Person He/She � � - Professional & Formal essays (i.e. argumentative)
Decode Evidence • Analyze the evidence for effectiveness . – Select which of all the different gathered evidence you will use. – Highlight and annotate your evidence. This will help you decide which parts of your evidence are strongest, and therefore appropriate for your essay. – Decide what pieces of evidence you’d like to quote directly. • Summarize and paraphrase the other pieces of evidence.
Drafting • Create an argumentative outline
EXAMPLE OF AN OUTLINE • Introduction/ Thesis-Claim • Body Paragraph 1 : Present your 1st point and supporting evidence. • Body Paragraph 2 : Present your 2nd point and it's supporting evidence. • Body Paragraph 3 : Refute your opposition's first point. • Body Paragraph 4 : Refute your opposition's second point. • Conclusion/Restate Thesis
Revising • Rethink the essay by: – Evaluate purpose/ thesis / audience – Arguments in the body paragraphs – Style , clarity, and evidence • Edit the essay – Spelling – Punctuation – Mechanics • Holistic Approach – Read it – Again • and again
Framing Your Argument by using Different CLAIMS
Claims for written Argument: • The thesis for your argument needs to be opinionated or debatable. The thesis will usually fall into 4 different categories or claims . You SHOULD make sure that your thesis fits one of the following types of claims. Sometimes, an arguable thesis may overlap and use 2 or even 3 different claims.
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- Fall '19
- Writing, Writer, Identity document