ETHICAL CONSID 9.7.19.docx - Running head ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS Ethical Considerations for Hypertension(HTN Investigation Herzing University Research

ETHICAL CONSID 9.7.19.docx - Running head ETHICAL...

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Running head: ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 1 Ethical Considerations for Hypertension (HTN) Investigation Herzing University Research Methods and Evidenced-based Practice March 24, 2019
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ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 2 Ethical Considerations for Hypertension (HTN) Investigation Introduction With the aging population increasing and estimated to more than double over the next three decades, exploring one of the more severe contributors to death in the aging population relates to understanding the most efficacious treatments for hypertension (HTN) (Buford, 2016; Schwartz & McManus, 2015). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is estimated that approximately eighty percent of deaths occur from cardiovascular disorders that are preventable through individuals pursuing healthy diets and maintaining a level of physical activity as they age (Castro, Waclawovsky, G., & Marcadenti, 2015, p. 1). Therefore, engaging in research that indemnifies data from WHO that diet and exercise contribute positively toward reducing HTN in aging adults, particularly those between 50 and 70 years of age, is a generous use of research funding. To accomplish such research with impunity, ethical considerations toward this study population/sample are of the first consequence (Guraya, London, & Guraya, 2014). Best Practices In nineteen fourteen Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, Benjamin Cardozo ruled that every competent individual of sound mind is the only one who can determine what they want to do with her/his own body (Nisselle, 2018, sec 3, para 1). According to Cardozo’s ruling, medical ethics in any research project has four necessary ethical components which are autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice (Nisselle, 2018, sec 2). Each one of these components supersedes legal parameters within the paradigm that fairness or the law follows ethics in determining how the rights of subjects are considered (Guraya et al., 2014). Medical research is a delicate yet critical function for improving treatment and understanding various
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ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 3 conditions. Therefore in addition to Justice Cardozo’s ruling, best practices include observing that research in medicine is primarily related to the foundations of the Hippocratic Oath that are specifically concerned with doing no harm and protecting the individual or human research subject (Guraya et al., 2014). Following this basic foundation for medical research ensures that the rights of individuals are guaranteed. With the passage of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA; Pub.L. 104–191, 110 Stat. 1936, enacted August 21, 1996) was enacted by the United States Congress and signed by President Bill Clinton. The United States
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