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lecture 5_note - • Pili(adhesion mating Eukaryotes •...

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Lecture 5 What is life? cellular organization sensitivity growth reproduction regulation Domains of living things Common ancestor Prokaryotes Archaea Bacteria Eukaryotes Eukarya Structure of cells Prokaryotes Outside Plasma membrane (regulates traffic of substances in and out of cells) Optional: cell wall Inside Nucleoid (DNA and proteins complexed with it) Cytoplasm (the inside) Cytosol (fluid solution of salts, small molecules and proteins) Particles (large protein complexes such as ribosomes) optional: invaginated membranes optional: cytoskeleton Hair-like protrusions Flagella (propellers for movement)
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Unformatted text preview: • Pili (adhesion, mating) Eukaryotes • Outside • Plasma membrane (regulates traffic of substances in and out of cells) • Optional: cell wall • Inside • Nucleus (DNA and proteins complexed with it) • Organelles • Mitochondria • Chloroplasts • Endomembrane system- 1 -• Cytoplasm (the inside) • Cytosol (fluid solution of salts, small molecules and proteins) • Particles (large protein complexes such as ribosomes) • Cytoskeleton (rods and filaments made of protein subunits) • Hair-like protrusions • Flagella (propellers for movement) • Pili (adhesion, mating)- 2 -...
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