CEE30002007Lecture1 - CEE 3000: Civil Engineering Systems 1...

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1 CEE 3000 CEE 3000: Civil Engineering Systems
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2 CEE 3000 Context
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3 CEE 3000 Human Population Growth Source: National Institute of Population and Social Security Research's "Population Statistical Data 1999" Trends in World Population
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4 CEE 3000 277,803,000 290,153,000 302,300,000 314,793,000 337,815,000 403,687,000 480,504,000 2001 2006 2011 2016 2025 2050 2075 US Population Will Increase Source ?
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5 CEE 3000 Percent of total population Region 1950 1975 2000 2003 2030 N. America L. America Europe Africa Oceania Asia World 63.9 41.9 51.2 14.9 60.6 16.6 29.1 73.8 61.2 66.0 25.3 71.7 24.0 37.3 79.1 75.5 72.7 37.1 72.7 37.1 47.1 80.2 76.8 73.0 38.7 73.1 38.7 48.3 86.9 84.6 79.6 53.5 74.9 54.5 60.8 38.7 Urban Population Source: World Urban Population Estimate – 2003 Update (United Nations, New York, 2003)
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6 CEE 3000 Population increases compared to increases in developed area, 1970-1990 Metropolitan Area Population Growth Increase in Developed Area Chicago Los Angeles New York Cleveland St. Louis 4% 45 8 -6 35 46% 30 65 31 355 Source: [Diamond and Noonan, 1996]
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7 CEE 3000 Growth of Cities: Cities with more than 1 million in 2000 . . . . . . and in 2025
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CEE 3000 Megacities
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9 CEE 3000 What are Megacities? Cities with over 10 million people Top 5 Megacities Tokyo: 26.4 million Mexico City: 18 million Sao Paulo: 17.96 million New York: 16.7 million Mumbai (Bombay): 16 million 23 Megacities
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10 CEE 3000 More than 1.5 billion people have no access to clean water 2 billion people have no access to sanitation 1/5 of the world’s population breathes air more toxic than the WHO’s recommendations 20 billion tons of human waste are added to oceans every year Building and infrastructure construction consume 40% of raw materials produced globally Energy consumption has doubled in the past 30 years Risks 2 out of 3 people expected to be living in urban areas by 2030
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11 CEE 3000 Trends in Word Fossil Fuel Consumption
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12 CEE 3000 Historical U.S. Energy Use: The Long View Back Source: Annual Energy Review, Energy Information Administration (EIA), 2006
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13 CEE 3000 Total Energy Use Projections for Selected Countries 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Total Energy Consumption (quadrillion Btus) US China OECD Europe India Brazil Russia Projected Historical Source: International Energy Outlook, EIA, 2006
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14 CEE 3000 U.S. Sources and Uses of Energy (quadrillions of Btus) Source: EIA, 2006.
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15 CEE 3000 Vehicle Ownership in Selected Countries (2003) Source: H. Gruenspecht, EIA and EIA/OECD, 2006 “A Thousand new cars per day in Beijing”
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16 CEE 3000 Area NO x VOC CO Atlanta Boston Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Dallas Detroit Houston Los Angeles Milwaukee Minneapolis New York Philadelphia Pittsburgh St.Louis San Diego San Francisco Seattle Washington D.C. 49
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This note was uploaded on 06/07/2009 for the course CEE 3000 taught by Professor Meyer during the Fall '07 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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CEE30002007Lecture1 - CEE 3000: Civil Engineering Systems 1...

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