CEE 3000/Sustainability1Sustainable Development: Applications in Civil EngineeringProfessor Adjo AmekudziCEE 3000Class #28/23/07Pressing Problems/Unsustainable Global Trends•Population –Growth–Rapid urbanization•Depletion of natural resources–Extraction of non-renewable resources–Increasing consumption of energy, water, materials•Land Surface Degradation–Desertification–Deforestation–Soil erosion–Loss of Habitat•Wastes/Pollution–Atmospheric and Global Climate Change•Air pollution, Ozone, Smog, Global Warming, Rapid Climate Change•Drought, El Nino, floods, hurricanes•Sea level changes–Ecosystems•Impact of domesticated biosphere, fertilizers to pesticides•Loss of Biodiversity (Past, Present)–Water Cycle•Acid rain•River water and Aquifer Pollution•Water Quantity and Quality•Pollution of the OceansGrowth of Cities:Cities with more than 1 million in 2000 . . .. . . and in 2025What is Sustainability?To keep up, prolong (Merriam-Webster, 2003)Sustainability“Sustainable development is development that meets the needs (and aspirations) of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”(World Commission on Environment and Development, United Nations, 1987)Sustainability Definitions, Cont’dA sustainable process or condition is one that can be maintained indefinitely without progressive diminution of valued qualitiesinside or outside the system in which the process operates or the condition prevails.(Holdren et al., 1995)Sustainability Definitions Cont’d•Sustainable development is development that improves the standard of living and quality of life, while at the same time protecting and enhancing the natural environment and honoring local culture and history. --Deakin, Working Paper, Sustainable Development and Sustainable Transportation: Strategies for Economic Prosperity, Environmental Quality and Equity
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