Water pollution control _water2__2009

Water pollution control _water2__2009 - Water Quality...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Water Quality Regulatory Arena Randall Guensler Water Quality Issues • Water quality – Human Uses • Industrial, municipal, personal, economic resource – Ecosystems • Waste Streams – Industrial Waste Streams – Municipal Waste Streams •S ew a g e • Stormwater runoff • Non-point sources Regulatory Arena • Industrial and municipal discharge of pollutants – Various version of the Clean Water Act • Protection of municipal water supplies – Safe Drinking Water Act Clean Water Act Background • 1971 - Ralph Nader Task Force Report - Water Wasteland – Spurred an overhaul of water pollution control laws • Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972 – Established water quality goals – Called for elimination of discharge of pollutants into navigable waters by 1985 – National Commission on Water Quality • Study the economic, technical, social, and environmental aspects of achieving the Act’s goals • The Act is now known as the Clean Water Act Regulatory History • Refuse Act of 1899 • Water Pollution Control Act of 1948 • Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1956 • Water Quality Act of 1965 • Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Refuse Act of 1899 • Illegal to throw, discharge, or deposit any refuse material of any kind into navigable waterways • Designed to protect navigation • Administered by Army Corps • No significant impact on municipal sources and on most industrial discharges – Affected sawmills, paper mills, etc., that had the potential to affect navigation Water Pollution Control Act of 1948 • Comprehensive statement of federal interest in water quality and first legislation to affect conventional forms of water pollution • Federal government funding to undertake research and investigation into pollution control • Encourages states to control water pollution • Responsibility for control left to state governments • Federal funds were authorized (but were never allocated) for state loans for construction of treatment facilities Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1956 • Authorized states to establish water quality goals/standards • Federal agency sponsors enforcement conferences to negotiate clean-up plans • Federal agency initiates “enforcement conferences” for interstate waters – The US Public Health Service and US Department of Health, Education and Welfare would convene a meeting of state and local officials, polluters, and affected parties to make recommendations on who should clean up their discharges and by how much (but voluntary aspects resulted in little progress) • Federal grants made available for sewage treatment plant construction (up to 55% of construction costs) Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1961 Water Quality Act of 1965 • First water quality law to mandate state actions
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 10

Water pollution control _water2__2009 - Water Quality...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online