Phil 27 Final Pre Write
1a) In Ladd’s article, Morality and the Ideal of Rationality in Formal Organization, he
argues that decision making in modern formal organizations, should be a social decision
that will contribute to maximizing the goal of the organizations. Thus the conclusion is
that, decision making in these organizations, rule out ethical decision making, but instead
apply rational decision making. The only decisions that should be made should be for the
maximization of the goals of the company.
Formal organizations: essentially all bureaucratic organizations. They are planned units,
coordinated activities, purpose of attaining specific goals and ends. In order for the formal
organization to be function, the people who work and hold specific position in the
organization, such as CEO, they have only one duty, to act effectively and efficiently. The
formal organization, based upon efficiency and decision making that will maximize goals,
are set up in a way that a person who is not acting efficiently or towards the goals of the
company can be replaced without hurting the organization.
Social decisions: individuals in organizations, must not make personal decision as an
individual, but instead make decision that will attribute to the organization as a whole.
Individuals are representatives of the organization, when they make their decision, thus
their decision must be made as a social one, one that is for the benefit of the goals of the
organization. Individuals make decision, but they make it on behalf of the entire
organization. In this case, personal ethics cannot rule the individual’s decision maker,
because he/she is working on behalf of the goals of the organization. The decision must be
effective for the organization. That is why there is hierarchy in the organizations, because
workers are making the decision to contribute their obedience to their higher officials, for
the goals of the company. It also is an effective mechanism in maintaining that all officials
and workers are always making decision that is for the whole of the organization.
Rationality, standard instrumental rationality: To be rational and make rational decision, is
to make sure that each individual, in whatever position in the company, are acting in a way
that is maximally effective in realizing the goals of the organization. All choices, all
decisions, they must be put towards goals. The only standard that should be evaluated, are
the effectiveness of a company in achieving its goals. Basically, the ends justify the
Laws and principles of morality: they are stated in the companies’ goals, but if it interferes
with the economical goals of the company, then it is not relevant. Individuals in
organizations should make decision that will benefit and maximize the company’s goal.