History 4C

History 4C - History 4C-Western Civilization1700-Present...

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History 4C -Western Civilization- 1700-Present =Dr. Sandra Dawson= -lectures: 75 minutes each -required reading: textbook, reader, candide, choice of historical memoir or diary -assignments: 2 papres based on 2 books, midterm, final -crashing—through sections only! +++find syllabus online+++ dawson: click on “4C” 9/27/07 ~what do we mean by civilization? ~explore western civilization over next 10 weeks What is the “West?” -idea of ‘the West’ is based off of geographics -idea of ‘the West’ is RELATIVE ~includes US, Canada, Australia(ish) ~doesn’t normally include South America (a.k.a. Latin America)—why? +considered to be “hybrid” countries/societies due to the major influence of ‘westerners’ (i.e. colonization) Why study Western Civilization? -cultural legacy -ideas -values -customs -beliefs {WAS}P = western characteristics =the course was invented in the U.S. in 1917 (History 4C—emphasis upon Western Civiliation) ; stressed common EUR. Ancestry (initiated in defense of going into the extremely unpopular WWI) Three Themes of History 4C -importance of ideas on W. culture -relationship between W. & the rest of the world The World in 1700 A. Empires -Spain, Portugal, Britain, etc. were becoming major world powers were aided by disease, superior technology in building/expanding empires -Spain & Portugal were in decline by 1700 (although they still had major colonies) -West lagged behind the rest of the world… 1683=Muslims attacked Vienna; rescue/defense was possible only through the unificiation of several W. countries B. Social Groups -1745: hunting was limited to aristocracy; -“gaming laws”= maintained social distinction—could be jailed for a year if caught Huntington on aristocratic land -reflected tensions that lay under 18 th century society -aristocracy had major power within society (@ the time of our time period [1700] ) set tone in EUR. -there were few options for the impoverished of EUR. 1. mine/work for land 2. go to the ‘new world’ as indentured servants C. Old World & New World -risk of dying? Extremely high -poor wages cons of becoming indentured servants -long contracts (7-10 years) ~land owners looked to cheaper labor/alt. labor—transition was made from indentured servants to slaves ~life expectancy for slaves was longer than indentured servants=therefore, another reason for making the transition… *History 4B explained how Christianity becomes extremely important in defining Westerners
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~slave owners attempted to stifle African traditions—to prevent uprisings/rebellions D. Redefining the West 10/2/07 The Enlightenment -Nov. 1 1755—Lisbon Earthquake [over 50% died] survivors scattered everywhere—no place to go!! Destroyed a major cultural area. -Earthquake shook a lot more than the city—capital city of a very devout Catholic country; struck on a very very rel. holiday (all soul’s day)
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History 4C - History 4C-Western Civilization1700-Present...

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