PoliSci Discussion Notes

PoliSci Discussion Notes - =PoliSci Discussion = (10/4/07)...

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((10/4/07)) I. Introduction ~when reading, ask yourself: 1. What is the main argument? 2. Why this argument? -because we look for causal theories…we ask why “a+b=c” -we ask “why does increase in poverty yield an increase in crime?” “why are they related?” etc. 3. What evidence supports the argument? II. Understanding theory A. Three Types of Theory 1. Causal ~concrete evidentiary theory; used to predict outcomes— “a” causes “b” 2. Normative ~based upon belief systems, morals (i.e. democracies are better) –more opinion oriented 3. Policy (Prescriptive) ~evidence could potentially falsify; good, because can disprove based on evidence ((faith vs. reason)) B. Three Types of Analysis 1. Individual ~leadership/political figures—study/analysis of how their particular psychology affects their actions, decisions, etc. 2. Domestic ~domestic political policy—state of nation; characteristics of the state (democracy, parliamentary system, dictatorship) 3. International/Structural ~international environment—how states/nations relate to each other +Because the international system is anarchic , states are constantly in a state of competition and conflict states must provide for their own security =Hobbes: “mean are prone to war and conflict” cooperation is rare 1. no one to enforce—no “super cop” 2. cooperation makes both rich/more powerful a. states fear both absolute and relative gains +Security dilemma: When states increase their own defense , they are inherently decreasing the defense of other states* states are looking to survive—and if cooperation achieves that, cooperation will be undertaken! ((10/11/07)) I. Admin -get papers after lecture on MON. -questions? OFFICE HOURS/email
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PoliSci Discussion Notes - =PoliSci Discussion = (10/4/07)...

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