Infectious Disease Expert-Roleplay

Infectious Disease Expert-Roleplay - Facts About Antibiotic...

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Facts About Antibiotic Resistance Antibiotic resistance has been called one of the world's most pressing public health problems.   The number of bacteria resistant to antibiotics has increased in the last decade. Nearly all significant bacterial infections in the world are becoming  resistant to the most commonly prescribed antibiotic treatments.   Every time a person takes antibiotics, sensitive bacteria are killed, but resistant germs may be left to grow and multiply. Repeated and improper uses of  antibiotics are primary causes of the increase in drug-resistant bacteria.   Misuse of antibiotics jeopardizes the usefulness of essential drugs. Decreasing inappropriate antibiotic use is the best way to control resistance.   Children are of particular concern because they have the highest rates of antibiotic use. They also have the highest rate of infections caused by antibiotic- resistant pathogens.   Parent pressure makes a difference. For pediatric care, a recent study showed that doctors prescribe antibiotics 65% of the time if they perceive parents  expect them; and 12% of the time if they feel parents do not expect them.   Antibiotic resistance can cause significant danger and suffering for people who have common infections that once were easily treatable with antibiotics.  When antibiotics fail to work, the consequences are longer-lasting illnesses; more doctor visits or extended hospital stays; and the need for more  expensive and toxic medications. Some resistant infections can cause death. Back to Top How You Can Help Prevent Antibiotic Resistance Do not take an antibiotic for a viral infection like a cold, a cough or the flu.   Take an antibiotic exactly as the doctor tells you. Do not skip doses. Complete the prescribed course of treatment, even if you are feeling better.   Do not save any antibiotics for the next time you get sick. Discard any leftover medication once you have completed your prescribed course of treatment.   Do not take antibiotics prescribed for someone else. The antibiotic may not be appropriate for your illness. Taking the wrong medicine may delay correct  treatment and allow bacteria to multiply.   Antibiotic prescriptions in outpatient settings can be reduced dramatically - without adversely affecting patient health - by not prescribing antibiotics for  viral illnesses, such as colds, most sore throats, coughs, bronchitis, and the flu.  
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2009 for the course EEMB 40 taught by Professor Latto during the Summer '08 term at UCSB.

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Infectious Disease Expert-Roleplay - Facts About Antibiotic...

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