2025MGT Lecture 3 0802

2025MGT Lecture 3 0802 - Chapter 4 Personality and values...

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Chapter 4 Personality and values
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2 After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 1. Explain the factors that determine an individual’s personality. 2. Describe the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator model. 3. Identify the key traits in the Big Five personality model. 4. Explain how the major personality attributes predict behaviour at work. 5. Contrast terminal and instrumental values. 6. List today’s dominant values in today’s workforce. 7. Identify Hofstede’s five value dimensions of national culture. Learning Objectives
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3 What Is Personality? Personality The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others, measurable traits a person exhibits Personality Traits Enduring characteristics that describe an individual’s behaviour Personality Determinants Heredity Environment Situation
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4 Personality Types Extroverted vs. Introverted (E or I) Sensing vs. Intuitive (S or N) Thinking vs. Feeling (T or F) Judging vs. Perceiving (P or J) Score is a combination of all four (e.g., ENTJ) The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) A personality test that taps four characteristics and classifies people into 1 of 16 personality types A Meyers-Briggs Score - Can be a valuable for self-awareness and career guidance BUT - Should not be used as a selection tool because it has not been related to job performance!
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5 The Big Five Model of Personality Dimensions Extroversion Sociable, gregarious, and assertive Agreeableness Good-natured, cooperative, and trusting Conscientiousness Responsible, dependable, persistent, and organised Emotional Stability Calm, self-confident, secure under stress (positive), versus nervous, depressed, and insecure under stress (negative) Openness to Experience Curious, imaginative, artistic, and sensitive
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6 Major Personality Attributes Influencing OB Core Self-Evaluation (Self-Esteem, Locus of Control) Machiavellianism Narcissism Self-Monitoring Risk Taking Type A vs. Type B Personality Proactive Personality
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7 Core Self-Evaluation: Two Main Components Self-Esteem Individuals’ degree of liking or disliking themselves, degree of thinking they are worthy or unworthy as a person Locus of Control The degree to which people believe they are masters of their own fate Internals (Internal locus of control) Individuals who believe that they control what happens to them Externals (External locus of control) Individuals who believe that what happens to them is controlled by outside forces such as luck or chance
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2025MGT Lecture 3 0802 - Chapter 4 Personality and values...

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