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outline_for_Rise_of_Jim_Crow_lecture__re - THE RISE OF...

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THE RISE OF LEGAL RACIAL SEGREGATION IN THE SOUTH, 1880s-1915 RELEVANCE TO DELAY IN IMPOSITION OF FORMAL SEGREGATION LAWS?: view of historian C. Vann Woodward 3 PHASES IN POST- WAR SOUTHERN RACE RELATIONS ----1) 1868-mid-1870s (RECONSTRUCTION): era of “foreign conquest” & federal govt. intervention ----2) latter 1870s-late 1880s: rule of “racial Conservatives” with de facto segregation replacing exclusion ----3) 1890-1915: rule of the “racial Radicals,” most severely Negrophobic with legal segregation & black disenfranchisement fully instituted
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MAIN “LESSONS” LEARNED FROM RECONSTRUCTION: --“stateways must not supersede folkways” (with wholesale caving in to local rule & prejudices) --Northern electorate’s commitment to freedmen was extremely short-lived & shallow (greater political motivation was to punish Southern whites) --extra-legal violence in defense of “white home rule” does pay
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FEATURES OF SOUTHERN “RACIAL CONSERVATIVE” APPROACH TOWARDS RACE RELATIONS ---1 st Jim Crow (“separate but equal”) laws in 1880s
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