Adaptation Analysis.docx - English 181 Section 8 The...

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English 181 Section 8The Different Themes in The Jungle Book Novel and FilmIn 1894, Rudyard Kipling published The Jungle Book, and since then many films based on his novel have been produced. One of the most recent films was produced in 2016 and was directed by Jon Favreau. The time gap between the dates that the novel and the film were released is pretty big, and a lot has changed socially and politically in those 122 years. This largetime gap makes me think if these changes in how we view the world are reflected in the themes that the film illustrates. I would say that although there are some plot similarities between the novel and the film, for the most part, the 2016 production challenges a lot of the novel’s themes about child characteristics, division, and rules. The director uses a variety of lighting, sound, movement, narration, and point of view to portray the characters differently than in the novel andthus creates different character relationships, which conveys different ideas and themes. To begin with, the way the film portrays Shere Khan’s and Mowgli’s characters and their interactions, is the total opposite of how the novel portrays them it.The novel shows Shere Khanas being this cowardly tiger who is afraid of the Wolf Pack and of Mowgli. In the chapter “How Fear Came”, Shere Khan is literally described as “the Lame Tiger, limping down to the water.(Kipling, 1895). The animals referring to him as the “Lame One” implies that they have no respect for him, and they see him as this foolish animal who doesn’t think. Also, the fact that Shere Khan is described as limping, makes him seem weak and vulnerable. In the adaptation, Shere Khan does not have a limp, but is marked by a scar across his face instead. The scar gives his character a totally different quality, making him appear more ferocious and malicious. When Shere Khan is first introduced in the film, the scene puts him at the top of this mountain looking down at all the animals near the lake while there is this splendor of light behind him, making
only his shadow show. The lighting and positioning of Shere Khan presents illustrateshim as thisdominant almost exalted character who is feared and respected by all. As he descends from the mountain, all the animals scurry out of his way and Mowgli hides behind Akela. There’s a shot where Mowgli is looking at Shere Khan through Akela’s feet, which emphasizes Mowgli’s inferiority and need for protection, in this case his protection is the barrier Akela’s feet provide. As this scene shows, Mowgli is depicted as this small dependent little boy, which is contrary to the way he is depicted in the novel. Throughout the entirety of the novel Mowgli displays this very evident fearlessness; he shows no fear of Shere Khan or the other animals, on the contrary,

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