chapter_4-email - What Are Civil Rights Civil rights...

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1 What Are Civil Rights? Civil rights Represent those protections by government power. They require governments to act Things that government must secure on behalf of its citizens. Safeguards against any effort by government or dominant groups to suppress another group
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2 Civil Liberties We classify as civil liberties the Constitution’s protections from government power. Freedom of speech. Freedom of religion. The right to privacy.
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3 The Height of Slavery: 1808-1865 1807 saw the passage of a law ending the importation of slaves. Economic interests emerged as cotton became the focus of the South’s economic prosperity. For every new slave state, a “free” state was also admitted to the Union.
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4 The Height of Slavery: 1808-1865 The Missouri Compromise In 1819 citizens of Missouri petitioned Congress for admission as a slave state. The plan matched Missouri’s entry as a slave state with Maine’s entry as a free state. The South also agreed that Missouri’s southern border would serve as the northern boundary beyond which slavery could not extend in the future.
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5 The Wilmot Proviso In 1846 Rep. Wilmot introduced a bill in the House that banned slavery in recently acquired territories. Free Soil Party ran Martin Van Buren in 1848. Opposition to the extension of slavery on behalf of “free labor.” Six years later they broadened their coalition and became the Republican Party.
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