2.7 Congo Crisis.docx - 2.7 The Congo Crisis 1 WHY WAS...

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2.7 The Congo Crisis1.WHY WAS NATIONAL COHESION IN THE BELGIAN CONGO UNDER KING LEOPOLD II DIFFICULT?The Belgian Congo consisted of lands taken by King Leopold II that bore little relation toethnic or national borders, making national cohesion difficult. As a resource-rich area, Europeans had little desire to leave having become rich exploiting its resources.2.WHY DID THE EUROPEANS DESIRE THE BELGIAN CONGO? As a resource-rich area, Europeans had little desire to leave having become rich exploiting its resources. 3.WHY DID THE US & USSR WANT THE BELGIAN CONGO AS A CLIENT STATE? USA and the USSR wanted to add it to their list of client states in a bid to win the global balance of power: Eisenhower hoped for a stable, pro-western government while Khrushchev hoped for a revolutionary, socialist regime. Both were disappointed.4.WHAT TYPE OF GOVERNMENT DID EISENHOWER & KHRUSHCHEV HOPE FOR IN THE BELGIAN CONGO? Eisenhower hoped for a stable, pro-western government while Khrushchev hoped for a revolutionary, socialist regime. Both were disappointed.5.WHEN DID THE BELGIAN CONGO GET ITS INDEPENDENCE & FROM WHO?The Congo was given independence from Belgium in June 1 1960 but its first government lasted barely two weeks.6.WHY DID THE CONGOLESE ARMY MUTINY AGAINST ITS BELGIAN OFFICERS? The power structure within the country was enough to destabilize it; when the army mutinied against its Belgian officers in early July, it undermined the authority ofthe government. The causes of the mutiny were understandable: the African Congolese wanted better pay and opportunities for advancement in the military.7.WHAT DID THE MUTINY TURN INTO? mutiny soon turned into a display of anger against remaining European residents.8.HOW DID THE BELGIAN CONGO RESPOND TO THE ANSWER TO THE PREVIOUS QUESTION? In response, the Belgian government sent paratroopers that were charged with protecting the roughly 100 000 European residents located in andaround Leopoldville (Kinshasa) .
9.WHAT COMPLICATED THESE MATTERS IN THE KATANGA REGION? This was a clearly illegal act as the Congo Republic was an independent country and Belgian reasonsfor doing so were seen as suspect.10. WHAT WAS THE MINERAL WEALTH IN KATANGA? the southern region ofKatanga seceded from Congo and a rival government under Moise Tshombe was established there. This was especially damaging to the new country as Katanga was incredibly rich in resources 60% of the worlds uranium and 80% of its industrial diamonds came from this region. Due its wealth, Tshombe had the support and assistance of European investors and industrialists who hoped to maintain their economic interests in the region.11. WHO WAS THE LEADER IN KATANGA? Moise Tshombe12. WHO WAS THE PRESIDENT & PRIME MINISTER OF THE BELGIAN CONGO?

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