NFS Chapter 3 Flashcards.pdf - 1 2 plasma colon 3 4 cells enzyme 5 6 fat cells inborn error of metabolism 7 8 phenylketonuria tissues 9 10 organs body

NFS Chapter 3 Flashcards.pdf - 1 2 plasma colon 3 4 cells...

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plasma colon cells enzyme fat cells inborn error of metabolism phenylketonuria tissues organs body system 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
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the cell-free fluid part of blood and lymph. the large intestine. the smallest units in which independent life can exist. All living things are single cells or organisms made of cells. (EN-zimes) proteins that facilitate chemical reactions without being changed in the process; protein catalysts. cells that specialize in the storage of fat and form the fat tissue. Fat cells also produce fat- metabolizing enzymes; they also produce hormones involved in appetite and energy balance. a genetic variation present from birth that may result in disease. an inborn error of metabolism that interferes with the body's handling of the amino acid phenylalanine, with potentially serious consequences for the brain and nervous system in infancy and childhood. systems of cells working together to perform specialized tasks. Examples are muscles, nerves, blood, and bone. discrete structural units made of tissues that perform specific jobs. Examples are the heart, liver, and brain. a group of related organs that work together to perform a function. Examples are the circulatory system, respiratory system, and nervous system. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
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blood lymph arteries veins capillaries extracellular fluid intracellular fluid lungs intestine liver 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
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the fluid of the cardiovascular system; composed of water, red and white blood cells, other formed particles, nutrients, oxygen, and other constituents. (lymf) the fluid that moves from the bloodstream into tissue spaces and then travels in its own vessels, which eventually drain back into the bloodstream. blood vessels that carry blood containing fresh oxygen supplies from the heart to the tissues. blood vessels that carry blood, with the carbon dioxide it has collected, from the tissues back to the heart. minute, weblike blood vessels that connect arteries to veins and permit transfer of materials between blood and tissues. fluid residing outside the cells that transports materials to and from the cells. fluid residing inside the cells that provides the medium for cellular reactions. the body's organs of gas exchange. Blood circulating through the lungs releases its carbon dioxide and picks up fresh oxygen to carry to the tissues. the body's long, tubular organ of digestion and the site of nutrient absorption. a large, lobed organ that lies just under the ribs. It filters the blood, removes and processes nutrients, manufactures materials for export to other parts of the body, and destroys toxins or stores them to keep them out of the circulatory system. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
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kidneys hormones pancreas insulin glucagon cortex hypothalamus fight-or-flight reaction neurotransmitters epinephrine 21. 22.
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