CUSTOMS OF THE TAGALOGS (Las costumbres de los indios Tagalos de Filipinas) JUAN DE PLASCENCIA I. Author’s Background Juan de Plasencia Born in the 16 th century to the illustrious family of the Portocarreros in Plasencia , in the Region of Extremadura, Spain. His real name is Joan de Puerto Carrero, del convento de Villanueva de la Serena . He was a Spanish Friar of the Franciscan order. He spent most of his missionary life in the Philippines, where he founded numerous towns in Luzon and authored several religious and linguistic books, most notably, the Catecismo de la Doctrina Cristiana , 1581 – translated the Christian Doctrines in Tagalog , the first book ever printed in the Philippines. Juan de Plasencia was born in the early 16th century as Juan Portocarrero in Plasencia, in the region of Extremadura, Spain. He was one of the seven children of Pedro Portocarrero , a captain of a Spanish schooner. Said to have been inspired to be a Franciscan because of his upbringing spent during a spiritual and religious resurgence affected by Spain’s Siglo de Oro , a Golden Age when arts and literature flourished in many parts of Spain, among them his native Extremadura. Well reputed as the one who took the leading role in fostering the spread of primary education. Converted natives, taught catechisms, and organized towns and barangays in the Philippines. Promoted the understanding of both the Spanish language among the natives, and the local languages among the missionaries, to facilitate the task of spreading Christianity. Initiated the Reduccion Policy – policy to reduce or resettle natives in central locations. Some of his works aimed to put an end to some injustices being committed against the natives by certain government officials. Arrival in the Philippines Came with the first batch of Franciscan missionaries in the Philippines in 1577. Life in the Philippines He is believed to have arrived to the Philippines in 1578. As soon as he arrived, he joined forces with another missionary, Fray Diego de Oropesa, and they both started preaching around Laguna de Bay and Tayabas, Quezon, in Quezon Province, where he founded several towns as early as two months upon arrival in Manila. During the following years they are also credited with the foundation of a large number of towns in the provinces of Bulacan, Laguna and Rizal, such as Tayabas, Caliraya, Lucban, Mahjayjay, Nagcarlan, Lilio(Liliw), Pila, Santa Cruz, Lumban, Pangil, Siniloan, Morong, Antipolo, Taytay, and Meycauayan. Elected as the custos of the friars in May 23, 1584 and held it until 1588. Passed away in Liliw, Laguna in the year 1590. Literary Works Arte de la Lengua (Art of Language) Vocabulario Coleccion de Frases Tagala (Collection of Tagalog Phrases) Catecismo de la Doctrina Cristiana , 1581 – translated the Christian Doctrines in Tagalog Diccionario Tagalog , 1580 La Santina , 1585 – opus on Prayer and Meditation Relacion de las Costumbres de Los Tagalos , 1589 – First Civil Code of the
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- Fall '19